From A to Z: How animals get to aquariums and zoos, and everywhere in between

From A to Z : How animals get to aquariums and menagerie, and everywhere in between If you are always on an airplane and see a pawl crate in a seat near you, how do you know what is inside ? Is it a frump ? A guy ? How about a sloth ? That innocent-looking cad crate may contain something a passenger may not be prepared for, but it may generate a big report about that time they sat future to a sloth on an airplane. It sounds like the open line of a bad party joke, but the possibility is quite real. “ We had an meaning of two sloths from Panama and they did not want them to be stressed because these were hand-raised animals used to being carried around by people, ” explained Rachel Watkins Rogers, registrar and records coordinator for Zoo Miami. “ We had special permission from the airline and had six seats – we had to buy two seats [ for personnel ] and four seats for the sloths. ”

The sloths declined the free peanuts. Watkins Rogers is creditworthy for securing the permits necessary for domestic or international ship of animals for the menagerie. She is besides the course administrator for the AZA Animal Transport for Animal Care Professionals ( ATACP ). She tells FreightWaves that the dependable tape drive of live animals requires constant plan that can take up to a year or more and cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. “ It can take american samoa much as a year [ to transport an animal ], depending on whether you need a license, ” she said, and the detail process involves dozens of people, including veterinarians, shipping coordinators, trainers, supervisors and more. “ Everybody has some region to play in that serve, and until everything is done in the correct order, you can ’ triiodothyronine go forward. ” Zoo Miami transports hundreds of animals annually and participates in international release projects such as the Puerto Rican Crested Toads project in Puerto Rico and versatile shuttlecock species release projects. Watkins Rogers, who has been involved in transporting animals since 2001 and has worked at menagerie since the 1970s, said Zoo Miami ships largely birds, but has been involved in sending frogs to France and bringing an elephant to Miami from Australia.

It’s better to fly

“ The prefer method acting is tune because that is the quickest and most humanist way to ship animals because they spent less time in the crate, ” she said. “ however, some animals are difficult to transport by air. ” These would include deadly animals or rhinos, which require specify ship services .Animals require specialized containers, few larger than that required to transport a giraffe. (Photo: APL Shipping) “ Increasingly, [ we are moving ] more shipments ourselves because a lot of people in the menagerie industry are concerned because some of the policies are making it more unmanageable to ship animals, ” Watkins Rogers said. The International Air Transport Association ( IATA ) and the Animal Transport Association ( ATA ) have recently joined forces to encourage industry borrowing of The Center of Excellence for Independent Validators for Live Animals Logistics ( CEIV Live Animals ). This certification, which Air Canada ( OTC : ACDVF ) is the first gear to have achieved, dictates safe and humane standards for transporting animals. “ Information, education and trail of people involved in animal ship is an absolute necessity, ” Filip Vande Cappelle, president of ATA, said in the June 2019 announcement. “ To secure the highest possible wellbeing of animals in conveyance, one needs eminent standards all along the logistics chain. Thanks to IATA, these standards are available and, preferably than reinventing the bicycle, ATA has chosen to collaborate with IATA to get these standards implemented vitamin a wide as possible amongst our members through encourage adoption of CEIV Live Animals. ” Watkins Rogers said that many animals require custom crates, and trainers may travel with the animals if necessity. In most cases, trainers will work with the animals before shipping to ensure they are comfortable being inside their crates. “ If the animal starts getting stressed out, its kernel body temperature can increase [ and put it in risk ], ” she explained. One of the biggest challenges is not moving the animal, it is securing the necessary permits and other steps required to ensure a smooth action .

Ongard, an Asian Elephant, Arrives from Australia!! After over 24 hours of transmit and flying half means around the world on a charter jet, “ Ongard, ” a 7-year-old, 6,300 hammer male asian elephant, accompanied by staff members from Zoos Victoria in Australia, the San Diego Zoo and Zoo Miami, has safely arrived ! complete with a patrol escort, the custom truck and crate pulled into Zoo Miami soon after midnight yesterday morning with a team from several institutions working together to coordinate the drop, which went very smoothly.Ongard, whose birthdate is September 10, 2010, is the first male elephant born in the history of the Melbourne Zoo and was a care for extremity of that institution. He is besides the beginning elephant to ever leave Australia. Through a breed loanword agreement, he is owned by the San Diego Zoo Global and together with Zoo Miami, the three institutions have been working for months to carefully plan this historic transportation. The argue for his go to the United States is that he comes from a genetic cable that is unrepresented anywhere in North America and is therefore fabulously valuable to the prisoner breeding program for this endangered species. By way of a newfangled breeding loanword with San Diego Zoo Global, Zoo Miami was chosen to be his new home because of Zoo Miami ’ s commitment to the wish of elephants, the golden South Florida climate, and the total of country it is able to dedicate to providing a dwelling for elephants. Zoo Miami has spent closely half a million dollars in new renovations to its asian elephant exhibit in readiness for Ongard ’ s arrival.Though Zoo Miami does not soon have any female asian elephants of breeding long time, the hope is that it will finally be able to receive some for Ongard to breed with. In the meanwhile, his genetic substantial can be introduced into the north american population through artificial insemination. After passing his initial exams and inspections, Ongard was introduced to his fresh holding yard where he settled in well and will be quarantined there for respective weeks prior to be introduced to the chief exhibit yard. His keepers, who travelled with him from Australia, will remain in Miami until May 22nd to slowly introduce Ongard to the Zoo Miami team and help insure a placid transition.There are less than 50,000 asian elephants left in the world and with an ever-growing threat of habitat loss, human conflict and poach, there is a serious business that we may lose this iconic species in the wilderness within the following generation. Zoo Miami is committed to working with the The Association of Zoos and Aquariums ( AZA ) and the asian elephant Species Survival Plan ( SSP ) to help insure the survival of these imperial animals for generations to come.Stay tuned for more information about Ongard !Posted by Zoo Miami on Wednesday, May 9, 2018

“ The elephant that came from Australia was actually the first clock any menagerie in Australia had ever exported an elephant, ” Watkins Rogers said. “ And there are a lot of groups that monitor what you do. ” prior to the Melbourne Zoo even approving the transfer of Ongard, the elephant, Zoo Miami had to renovate enclosures. Delays in permitting resulted in a reschedule of the cargo plane and a personnel casualty of over $ 500,000. There was besides the design of a protocol in event the elephant escaped. That price was on the extreme conclusion, but moving animals is not cheap. “ If we ship an animal it doesn ’ t matter how big or small, it could be $ 2,000, so if you ship a draw of animals, it can get frightful expensive, ” Watkins Rogers said. “ There are commercial land transporters that influence barely with zoos. not as many [ that study ] with the airlines, but there are some shippers that have a fly ’ randomness license that do some air shipments. ”

A trusted transport partner

Having trusted partners is crucial, and both Zoo Miami and Mystic Aquarium in Connecticut spoke glowingly of the important function FedEx ( NYSE : FDX ) plays in the transport of live animals. “ FedEx is actually great to work with ; we ’ ve been working with them for a long time, ” Dale Wolbrink, senior conductor of media relations for Mystic Aquarium, which moves largely aquatic animals. “ The animals are the first to go on to the plane and … are first off the plane and loaded onto trucks good aside. ”Bao Bao, a giant panda, is loaded onto a FedEx cargo jet for transport to China. (Photo: FedEx) “ FedEx has a long history of providing condom travel for some of the universe ’ s most finespun cargo, and we ’ ve worked close with zoos and aquariums in the past to safely and securely deliver animals to their destinations, ” FedEx spokesperson Rae Lyn Rushing told FreightWaves. “ We have experienced teams of FedEx employees around the ball working collaboratively on these especial shipments. Animal care experts are besides granted particular flight privileges to ensure the animals are well cared for. ” In some cases, FedEx donates the cargo costs as part of its FedEx Cares Delivering for Good Initiative. It did just that with Kali, an 800-pound female polar hold, who was orphaned in Alaska after her mother was killed by a hunter. Kali ended up at the Buffalo Zoo, but needed transport to the St. Louis Zoo in 2015, which FedEx provided at no cost. The company besides provided special charter service for 19 penguins and two ocean otters from their temp home in California, where they settled following their displacement from the Audubon Aquarium of the Americas in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. FedEx brought them home plate. FedEx has besides transported from Texas to California a 2 ½-year-old dolphinfish that was unable to swim due to injuries, a sea leo from Hawaii to Houston, and a pair of grizzly bears and two brown wear cub from Anchorage, Alaska, to Oakland, California. To transport Bao Bao, a giant panda from the Smithsonian National Zoo in Washington, DC, to China, FedEx did a special wrap of a FedEx Express 777F airplane. (Video: FedEx) possibly the most celebrated FedEx animal transportation came in 2017. Aboard a limited FedEx Express 777F airplane, Bao Bao, a 3 ½-year-old giant giant panda, made the 16-hour, 8,600-mile trip from Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., to Chengdu, China. Bao Bao was born at the Smithsonian National Zoo, and she was accompanied on her journey to China by Marty Dearie, one of the keepers who had cared for Bao Bao since her birth, and Katharine Hope, a veterinarian at the Zoo. Bao Bao traveled in a specially made 800-pound sword crate and her human companions brought with them 50 pounds of bamboo, two pounds of apples, two bags of leaf-eater biscuits, cooked angelic potatoes and water for the trip to ensure Bao Bao ’ s comfort.

The giant panda is now a permanent house physician of China ’ s Conservation and Research Center ’ s Nature Reserve .

Seals take to the skies

The majority of Mystic ’ s shipments are pinnipeds like walruses and seals, and pilots are much able to lower the cargo hold ’ sulfur temperature to help maintain a safe environment for the animals. “ We follow all of the IATA regulations and within the guidelines they have what is an appropriate carrier to move a specific animal, ” Wolbrink said. “ We have pre-made carriers for all our animals, so they are watertight. Pinnipeds need to remain cool. They have a layer of blubber that helps keep them cool in the body of water and we are able to keep them safe within these containers. They have airflow, but they besides have to be watertight. But most importantly, we keep them cool by including water. We put ice on the peak of the containers that drips down on them. ” Like Zoo Miami, Mystic ’ s trainers work with the animals prior to transport to get them comfortable with containers. In most cases, both an animal adept and veterinarian travel with the animal and tend to it during transport, monitoring vital signs and general condition and wellbeing. “ They know the species identical well, so they can [ ensure it is condom ], ” Wolbrink said.

“ [ Transporting animals is ] a big deal for us ; it ’ s a huge undertaking. A team goes out prior to transport to see the animal and learn about the animal. An arrival team is waiting, and we conduct a 24-hour transport predict before transportation of the animal. We make sure every ‘ I ’ is dotted and every ‘ T ’ is dotted to make sure every guard view is accounted for. ”Dale Wolbrink, senior director of media relations for Mystic Aquarium

Laurie Macha, curator of marine mammals & birds for Mystic, noted that the aquarium does not sedate animals during transport. rather, cabin pressures are set at appropriate levels so the animals are not affected by higher altitudes. Most animals are transported in the ahead holds of cargo bays that are heated and cooled and maintain pressures alike to the flight pack of cards. “ [ Transporting animals is ] a big deal for us ; it ’ s a huge contract, ” Wolbrink said. “ A team goes out anterior to transport to see the animal and learn about the animal. An arrival team is waiting, and we conduct a 24-hour transmit cry before transport of the animal. We make certain every ‘ I ’ is dotted and every ‘ T ’ is dotted to make sure every safety expression is accounted for. ” Due to high costs and the affect on the animals, menagerie and aquariums will try to work together on conveyance when possible, but “ we will only transport marine mammals that are part of our accreditation, ” Macha said. “ There is no mix of animals. You won ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate find a ecstasy that has marine mammals and horses. ” Like zoos, each animal species requires specialized transport. fish may require alone a rigid container that can hold urine, but other animals require unlike types of containers. “ pretty much everything is custom-made, ” Macha said .The containers used to transport animals must be able to fly, but also be loaded onto various types of equipment, including straight box vans, flatbeds and specialized equipment at airports for transport from the hanger to the airplanes. (Photo: AirBridgeCargo Airlines) While most of Mystic ’ second transports are conducted by tune, airplanes don ’ triiodothyronine land at the aquarium, meaning hand truck service is required for the final leg of the trip. “ When the animals get off the plane, it ’ south all done by scissor lifts, ” Wolbrink said. “ The animal is lowered down to the anchor area and there is a truck backed up to a loading bay and loaded with a forklift and the batting cage is strapped down. There is a television camera in back to watch the animal and thermometers to measure the temperature inside the hand truck. ” Some animals are transported in a box truck while others move on a flatbed, depending on the size of the cage. Mystic besides has a specialized refrigerated pickup to handle rescues in the Northeast as separate of its First Responder system. One antic to keeping animals safe, though, is timing. “ by and large, our transports are done outside of the summer months, ” Wolbrink said. “ We try to do them prior to the summer or over the fall when you are not dealing with the hotness. ”

Ready to run

sometimes, the transported animal must perform upon its arrival at its fresh finish. This is dependable of racehorses which, like any finely tuned athlete are more attune to stress that affects performance. Because of that, extra care is needed when transporting this type of cargo. AirBridgeCargo Airlines specializes in the fare of live animals. It recently transported nine racehorses from Moscow, Russia, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, onboard a Boeing 747-8F cargo plane. “ Equine fare stands apart from other animal fare as we are dealing with cute animals whose wellbeing and comfort determine sports success, ” explained Fedor Novikov, deputy general conductor, limited products and services for AirBridgeCargo Airlines. “ We are honored to be entrusted with the manner of speaking of these horses. Our give ‘ ABC care ’ team with well-knit operational processes in identify guaranteed safe travel of animals which partially facilitated their sports results. ”Racehorses, like this one that traveled from Moscow to the Netherlands for a race, are susceptible to stresses from travel which can impact their performance, so care and attention to detail are critical to safeguarding the animals in their travels. (Photo: AirBridgeCargo Airlines) The company explained that engineering promotion is allowing it and others to customize aircraft to support live animal tape drive through customize temperature ranges and specialize containers. The jockey responsible for ensuring peak performance from the horses appreciate AirBridgeCargo ’ s care. “ It is a great experience to be flying to another country with your sawhorse being your boyfriend passenger with the hypothesis to check on the horse during the flight, feed and water it if needed, ” said 14-year-old jockey Tatyana Kosterina, who finished second in the contest with her horse, 11-year-old Diavolessa VA. “ Air transportation system is the most preferable direction of journey, as we cover the distance within several hours and my knight does not experience car sickness, as is the case with vehicle transportation. ”

Growing regulatory concerns

One area of concern for animal transporters, though, is the increasing number of regulations for both airlines and land transportation. Zoo Miami ’ second Watkins Rogers specifically mentioned the hours-of-service ( HOS ) and electronic log device regulations for U.S. hand truck drivers. “ For the land transportation separate, there international relations and security network ’ thymine very a good definition for the zoo community of what is an animal, ” she said. “ Their definition of an animal doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate include our animals. Our country transporters have to check in at [ weigh stations ] … so they have to do the same things [ as other truckers ] but we are not nontaxable. ” Watkins Rogers noted the 1988 livestock act is typically used to define an animal for ecstasy, and while the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is working to craft a new regulation that more clearly defines what an agricultural product is – which includes some farm animals – for exemptions from regulations, Watkins Rogers said this does not include animals typically transported by menagerie and aquariums .

“ For the domain transport function, there international relations and security network ’ thymine in truth a good definition for the zoo community of what is an animal. Their definition of an animal doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate include our animals. Our land transporters have to check in at [ weigh stations ] … so they have to do the same things [ as other truckers ] but we are not exempt [ from regulations ]. ”Rachel Watkins Rogers, registrar and records coordinator for Zoo Miami

The HOS exemption enacted by Sec. 345 ( a ) ( 1 ) of the NHS Designation Act for agrarian products did not define what “ agricultural commodities ” are. Therefore, FMCSA enacted a definition in Sec. 4130 of SAFETEA-LU that became codified in 49 CFR 395.2. In that definition, “ Agricultural commodity ” refers to any agricultural commodity, non-processed food, feed, fiber, or livestock ( including livestock as defined in sec. 602 of the Emergency Livestock Feed Assistance Act of 1988 [ 7 U.S.C. 1471 ] and insects ). FMCSA added to § 395.2 the definition of “ livestock ” as set forth in the Emergency Livestock Feed Assistance Act of 1988, defining “ Livestock ” as cattle, wapiti, caribou, bison, horses, deer, sheep, goats, swine, poultry ( including egg-producing domestic fowl ), pisces used for food, and other animals designated by the Secretary of Agriculture that are region of a foundation garment herd ( including dairy-producing cattle ) or offspring ; or are purchased as part of a convention operation and not to obtain extra benefits under the Emergency Livestock Feed Assistance Act of 1988, as amended. The U.S. Department of Agriculture besides does not define animals to include menagerie or aquarium animals. Its definition states : “ Animal means any live or dead pawl, caterpillar, non-human primate, guinea bull, hamster, rabbit, or any other warm-blooded animal, which is being used, or is intended for use for research, teaching, testing, experiment, or exhibition purposes, or as a pet. This term excludes birds, rats of the genus Rattus, and mouse of the genus Mus, bred for practice in research ; horses not used for research purposes ; and other grow animals, such as, but not limited to, livestock or domestic fowl used or intended for use as food or fiber, or livestock or poultry used or intended for use for improving animal nutrition, breeding, management, or production efficiency, or for improving the choice of food or fiber. With 32 PART 1 Definitions respect to a andiron, the term means all dogs, including those used for hunting, security, or breed purposes. ” USDA excludes fish, birds, reptiles and early ecotherms, but does include sea lions, walruses or seals under its definition of mammals ( warm-blooded animals ). While vent change of location is preferable, it is not constantly possible. Live animal logistics is function of the shroud processes menagerie and aquariums must undertake on a daily basis to ensure millions of Americans are able to enjoy the natural smasher of land ’ s creatures.

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