Wollongong ( WUUL-ən-gong ), colloquially referred to as “ The Gong “, is a city located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Wollongong lies on the narrow coastal strip between the Illawarra Escarpment and the Pacific Ocean, 68 kilometres ( 42 miles ) confederacy of cardinal Sydney. [ 1 ] Wollongong had an estimated urban population of 302,739 at June 2018, making it the third-largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle and the tenth-largest city in Australia by population. [ 2 ] The city ‘s current Lord Mayor is Gordon Bradbery AM who was elected in 2021. The Wollongong area extends from Helensburgh in the union to Windang and Yallah in the south. Geologically, the city is located in the south-eastern contribution of the Sydney river basin, which extends from Newcastle to Nowra. [ 3 ]
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Wollongong is noted for its heavy diligence, its interface activity and the quality of its physical dress, occupying a narrow coastal obviously between an about continuous chain of surf beaches and the cliffline of the rainforest-covered Illawarra escarpment. It has two cathedrals, churches of many denominations and the Nan Tien Temple, the largest buddhist temple in the southerly hemisphere. [ 4 ] [ better source needed ] [ contradictory ] Wollongong has a hanker history of coal mine and industry. The city attracts many tourists each year [ 5 ] and is a regional center for the South Coast fishing industry. The University of Wollongong has about 38,000 students. [ 6 ]
history [edit ]
Wollongong N.S.W. 1887 ; Aerial view of Wollongong Harbour. From the “ Illustrated Sydney News ” of 15 October 1887 . Wollongong Head Lighthouse The area was in the first place inhabited by the Dharawal ( alternatively spelt Turuwal, Tharawal ) Indigenous Australians. The first Europeans to visit the area were the navigators George Bass and Matthew Flinders, who landed at Lake Illawarra in 1796. The beginning settlers in the region were cedar cutters in the early nineteenth century, followed by graziers in 1812. Charles Throsby established a stockman ‘s hovel in the area in 1815. The first farming grants were made in 1816. [ citation needed ] In 1830, a military jeer was constructed near the harbor. promote settlers arrived and in 1834 a town was planned. On 26 November 1834, the town was inaugural gazetted and George Brown erected the first court family. The main road down the Escarpment through Bulli Pass was built by convict labor in 1835–6, although other passes were built during the nineteenth hundred deoxyadenosine monophosphate well, such as O’Briens Road and Rixons Pass. By 1856 Wollongong had a population of 864. [ citation needed ] see of the township of Wollongong, Illawarra in 1857 In 1858, a woo house was built. In 1861, a horse-drawn tramline from Mount Keira to the harbor was completed. In 1862 a telegraph wrinkle was opened between Wollongong and Bellambi. [ citation needed ] In 1865, the foremost gasoline supply in Wollongong was provided from a flatulence plant in Corrimal Street. [ citation needed ] In 1868 the extensions to the harbor were opened by Lady Belmore and named Belmore Basin. Patrick Lahiff established a coke works at Wollongong Harbour in the 1870s. [ citation needed ] He erected two beehive coke ovens between the north eastern end of the river basin and Pulpit Rock. The ovens were demolished in 1892. [ citation needed ] The remains of the coca cola ovens were uncovered and recovered and are now preserved beneath the hill, with a brass explaining their history. In 1871, the honest-to-god beacon was completed. In 1880, steam locomotives were introduced to haul coal loads from Mount Keira mine to the harbor. Gas street light up was introduced in 1883. In 1885, a new court sign of the zodiac was erected in Market Street. Like many australian court houses, it was designed in a classical music Revival style considered appropriate for public buildings. It is now listed on the Register of the National Estate. [ 7 ] In 1886 the beginning town anteroom was erected. The Illawarra Railway to Wollongong was completed in 1887, and now continues as far confederacy as the town of Bomaderry on the Shoalhaven River. The navigator George Bass first documented the Illawarra ember deposits in 1797. There have been many coalmines in the district. Australia ‘s worst coal mining disaster occurred in 1902, at the Mount Kembla mine when an explosion killed 94 men and boys, the youngest age 14, the oldest 69. Two other men died attempting to rescue survivors. Survivors were treated at the “ A. M. ( Albert Memorial ) Hospital ”, [ 8 ] which opened in 1864 and closed when the Wollongong Hospital opened in 1907 [ 9 ] on Garden Hill. In 1916 the Wollongong High School was opened .
Wollongong in 1937 big industry was attracted to the area by the ready handiness of coal. In 1928, Hoskins, late Australian Iron & Steel, started a steel mill at Port Kembla, a few kilometres south of Wollongong. The early Broken Hill Proprietary Company ( now BHP after merging with Billiton plc ) acquired AI & S in 1935, but has since spun-out their steel division as a separate company, now known as BlueScope. The steel mill has grown to become a first flat rolled sword producer, operating as a fully integrated steel plant with a production of around 5 million tonnes per year. other industries to have set up in the massive Port Kembla industrial complex—the largest individual concentration of heavy industry in Australia—include a fertilizer plant, an electrolytic copper smelter, a locomotive workshop, a coal export shipping terminal, a grain export shipping end and an industrial gases manufacture plant .
In 1936, the fresh Wollongong Lighthouse was finished on Flagstaff Point. [ 10 ] In 1942 Wollongong was proclaimed a City. In 1947 City of Greater Wollongong was formed. In 1954 the population of Wollongong was 90,852. [ citation needed ] In 1956 new Wollongong City Council Chambers were opened. In 1961 the Wollongong University College was established. In 1963, the Wollongong Teachers College was established. In 1965 the Westfield shopping center at Figtree opened. In 1985, the railway course was electrified to Wollongong, and in 1993 to Dapto. In 1986 the Wollongong Mall was completed. For a short while, trams ( trackless trains ) were used in the promenade, though this ceased due to dangers involved. The promenade was re-opened to traffic after the initial test but re-zoned a pedestrian area after and has remained one since. In 1987 the council chambers and library build were completed, replacing the old council build at the salute art gallery site. The Crown Gateway Shopping Centre was completed. Wollongong Mall was opened. In 1988, the current council administration construction was completed, a well as the Illawarra Performing Arts Centre ( IPAC ), across the road on Burelli Street. IPAC was formally opened by Prince Charles and Princess Diana in 1988. [ citation needed ] A sculpture recognising Lawrence Hargrave was placed via \ helicopter on the eastern foothills of Mount Keira. In 1998 the 6000 induct Wollongong Entertainment Centre was opened. In 1999, the Gateway and Crown Central plaza buildings were unified as Wollongong Central and a pedestrian walkway/café was built connecting the buildings in an above ground bridge. In 2000, as function of the Sydney Olympics, the Olympic flashlight was carried through Wollongong as region of its travel. In 2001, the population of Wollongong reached 181,612 people. [ citation needed ] In 2004 the Wollongong City Gallery celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary. In 2005 Qantas established a daily air service from Wollongong to Melbourne that lasted till 2008. In 2006/2007, the library was renovated, including new facilities, as character of the one-tenth anniversary of the library ‘s current site. besides at this time the beachfront was renovated with a new lookout and walk upgrade. In June 2007, erosion was caused via storms to the beaches, the worst in 30 years. [ citation needed ] Despite the worsen of traditional manufacture and propertyless industries due to the abandonment of protectionist economic policies in the 1980s, many of these industrial installations distillery exist. The city ‘s economy is, however, on the rebound, thanks to diversification of economic activity including higher education, the all right arts, tourism, residential structure and eco-friendly electricity genesis [ citation needed ] ; however, the city ‘s economy however relies primarily on heavy diligence, and will continue to in the near future. respective meanings are given for the Aboriginal discussion ‘ Wollongong ‘ including ‘seas of the South ‘, ‘ big banquet of fish ‘, ‘hard grind near water ‘, ‘song of the sea ‘ ‘ voice of the waves ‘ ‘many snakes ‘ and ‘ five islands ‘ .
inheritance listings [edit ]
Former Post Office Wollongong has a number of heritage-listed sites, including :
geography [edit ]
This satellite imagination shows Wollongong at night ( bottom leave ), following to the Sydney area ( center ). The city of Wollongong has a clear-cut geography. It lies on a narrow coastal obviously flanked by the Tasman Sea to the east and a steep sandstone precipice known as the Illawarra Escarpment to the west. The coastal apparent is widest in the south and narrowest in the union, with the city centre located about halfway. South of the city concentrate but within the urban area is Lake Illawarra, a large lagoon. The escarpment ranges between 150 and 750 metres ( 490–2,460 foot ) above sea flat, with locally celebrated mountains such as Mount Keira ( 464m ), Mount Kembla ( 534m ), Broker ‘s Nose ( 440m ) and Mount Murray ( 768m ) to the confederacy. It contains strata of char measures, and the adit entrances to many ember mines have been established along the slopes of the escarpment throughout Wollongong. Suburbia encroaches on the escarpment ‘s lower slopes in some areas, but the majority remains in a relatively natural state forested with dry sclerophyll and pockets of temperate rain forest. [ citation needed ] The escarpment is largely protected by a State Conservation Area and local scenic protection zoning, and provides the ocular backdrop to the city. In the north the escarpment meets the coastline, and north of this the coastal road Lawrence Hargrave Drive hugs the cliff line. The mentally ill geology of the escarpment resulted in rockfalls, forcing the closure of the road. Subsequently, contribution of Lawrence Hargrave Drive was replaced in 2005 by the Sea Cliff Bridge fair off the coast, crossing the submerged rock shelf. The bridge carries both vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The Illawarra railroad track note must go through several tunnels to reach the Sydney metropolitan sphere. The southern Freeway and Princes Highway provide alternative inland routes, descending the escarpment promote south at Bulli Pass or at Mount Ousley, entering precisely north of Wollongong ‘s city kernel. To the south the plain reaches its utmost extent around Albion Park where it incorporates a large coastal seawater lagoon called Lake Illawarra, separated from the Pacific Ocean by a long arenaceous saliva .
Wollongong ‘s coastline The coastal strip consists of highly fat alluvial sediment, which made Wollongong so attractive to agriculturists in the nineteenth century. [ citation needed ] It contains many hills including the foothills of the escarpment ‘s lower slopes, and while these by and large do not exceed one hundred metres in stature they give much of the city an ripple fictional character. The coastal leach is traversed by several light but flood-prone and fast-flowing streams and creeks such as Fairy Creek ( Para Creek ), Cabbage Tree Creek, Allans Creek, Nostaw Ravine, Jimbob Creek, Mullet Creek and Macquarie Rivulet. The coastline consists of many beaches characterised by ticket pale gold-colored sands ; however, these beaches are sometimes interrupted by big and rocky headlands, such as Tego Rock, jutting into the ocean. In places these headlands have been excavated or extended to create artificial harbours at Wollongong, Port Kembla, Shellharbour and Kiama. Just off the slide south of Wollongong center, near Port Kembla, lies a group of five islands known jointly as The Five Islands. The islands are a wildlife recourse .
Inner city [edit ]
Wollongong city center The inner city area includes the suburb of Wollongong and North Wollongong, extending from Fairy Creek in the north, west to include the Wollongong Hospital, and south to the Greenhouse Park. At the 2016 census, the suburb of Wollongong had a population of 18,442. [ 21 ] The CBD is a major commercial hub containing many department stores and peculiarity shops, offices, and entertainment venues. It is centred on the Crown Street Mall and Wollongong Central, and approximates the area bounded by Market, Corrimal, and Burelli streets and the railroad track course. Surrounding the CBD lies a mix of parks, reserves, alight commercial place, houses and multi-story residential units. Multi-story house is discernible peculiarly on Smith ‘s Hill, northeast of the CBD, reflecting the popularity of combining inner-city support, coastal views and a beachside life style .
Wollongong Court House To the east of the city lies Flagstaff Point, a rocky promontory with erode low cliffs topped by a grassy mound. The northerly side of the steer was excavated by convict labor to form Belmore Basin. This was late extended with the northern breakwater to create Wollongong Harbour. The area is the web site of a historic colonial fortify, several restored cannons and two lighthouses, a have peculiar to the east coast of Australia. The older Wollongong Breakwater Lighthouse located at the harbor entrance was made of exploit iron plates in 1871 and has become an icon of the city. The newer Wollongong Head Lighthouse was constructed in 1936 atop the Flagstaff Hill and is silent used in the early twenty-first century. Belmore Basin houses the commercial fishing fleet and Fisherman ‘s Co-op, while the main harbor shelters private vessels. The main beaches of central Wollongong are North Wollongong ( or merely North ) Beach, extending from the seaport up to the Fairy lagoon and Puckeys Estate Reserve, and Wollongong City Beach, extending south from Flagstaff Point and into Coniston Beach .
climate [edit ]
Wollongong has an oceanic climate ( Köppen : Cfb ), but with humid subtropical ( Cfa ) influences [ 22 ] as its warmest month mean of 21.9 °C ( 71.4 °F ) is merely below the subtropical isotherm of 22 °C ( 72 °F ). The highest read temperature is 44.1 °C on 1 January 2006, and the lowest 0.8 °C on 27 July 1986. annually, Wollongong receives 107.4 well-defined days. [ 23 ] rain is reasonably evenly distributed throughout the seasons, with a bias to the foremost half of the year. It is often associated with orographic pilfer caused by the escarpment. A significant flood consequence occurred on 18 August 1998 when Wollongong recorded 316 millimeter of rain ( the nearby suburb of Mt Ousley recorded in excess of 445 millimeter ), by and large falling in a 3-hour period. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] Wollongong besides experiences thunderstorms during the warm months bringing lightning, heavy rain and occasionally hail. July and August are known as the blowy months, with westerly gales that can gust at over 100 km/h. [ 23 ]
|Climate data for Wollongong University|
|Record high °C (°F)||44.1
|Average high °C (°F)||25.8
|Average low °C (°F)||17.9
|Record low °C (°F)||9.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||130.3
|Average rainy days||13.8||13.7||14.5||11.2||10.8||9.7||8.5||7.8||9.3||11.4||13.6||13.0||137.3|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||68||69||66||63||62||59||54||52||55||61||64||64||61|
Demographics [edit ]
The Wollongong metropolitan area includes the suburb, outlying towns and rural localities stretching from Helensburgh in the north to Kiama in the confederacy. According to the 2016 census, it had a population of 285,678 people .
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.9% of the population.
- 74.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 4.2%, North Macedonia 1.3%, China 1.1%, Italy 1.1% and New Zealand 1.0%.
- 80.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Macedonian 2.2%, Italian 1.5%, Mandarin 1.1%, Arabic 1.1% and Spanish 0.8%.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.2%, Catholic 26.1% and Anglican 17.9%.
- 4.2% of employed people worked in Hospitals (except Psychiatric Hospitals). Other major industries of employment included Aged Care Residential Services 2.6%, Higher Education 2.6%, Supermarket and Grocery Stores 2.4% and Cafes and Restaurants 2.4%.
It is the third largest city in New South Wales and the tenth largest in Australia. Using 2006 ABS geography, around 89 % of the statistical district ‘s population reside in the built-up urban centre extending from Clifton to Shell Cove. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] The following table includes selected 2006 census figures for these areas, together with those for the central suburb of Wollongong .
|Selected 2006 Census Statistics|
|Metropolitan Area||Urban Area||Inner City|
|Area||Helensburgh to Kiama||Clifton to Shell Cove||Wollongong Suburb|
|Age Groups||0–4 years||16,478||6.3%||14,780||6.3%||540||3.8%|
|People born overseas||53,102||20.1%||49,501||21.1%||4,151||28.9%|
|Country of birth||1||Australia||194,197||73.7%||Australia||170,058||72.5%||Australia||8,579||59.7%|
|3||North Macedonia||4,276||1.6%||North Macedonia||4,261||1.8%||China||409||2.8%|
|6||New Zealand||2,358||0.9%||New Zealand||2,051||0.9%||Italy||195||1.4%|
|Language Spoken at Home||1||English only||215,079||81.6%||English only||187,944||80.2%||English only||9,308||64.8%|
|3||No Religion||38,901||14.8%||No Religion||34,070||14.5%||Anglican||2,236||15.6%|
|4||Eastern Orthodox||14,199||5.4%||Eastern Orthodox||13,910||5.9%||Eastern Orthodox||1,459||10.2%|
|5||Uniting Church||14,060||5.3%||Uniting Church||12,073||5.1%||Uniting Church||516||3.6%|
|Total labour force||119,542||105,316||7,110|
Wollongong City Council Wollongong is continuing to grow with a population growth of 3.1 % for the menstruation 2001 to 2006, although the supply of new residential down is limited by the geography particularly in the northerly suburbs. The west Dapto area is a major center of future increase with plans for 19,000 new dwellings and 50,000 people within 40 years. [ 33 ] [ 34 ] New residential areas are besides being developed further confederacy around the Albion Park, Shell Cove and Kiama areas .
|Wollongong Population Growth 1947–2010 (Statistical Local Area)|
|Source: 1947–1996 2001–2010|
Wollongong has a distinctly multicultural population. many migrants were attracted to the area by the job opportunities at the Port Kembla steelworks in the post-war menstruation, and settled in surrounding suburbs such as Cringila, Warrawong and Coniston. By 1966 about 60 % of the engage earners at the Australian Iron and Steel steelworks were born abroad coming from over 100 different countries. [ 35 ] These included British, Irish, Macedonians, Spaniards, Portuguese, Greeks, Italians, Arabs, Russians, Bosnians, Croatians, Serbians, Germans, Turks, Chileans and Brazilians. [ 35 ] With the end of the White Australia policy these were followed by Indo-Chinese refugees in the 1970s, Indians, Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Malaysians, Singaporeans, Koreans and Pacific Islanders in the 1980s and 1990s. [ 35 ] The university continues to attract students and staff from all over the world, with around 5,000 overseas student enrolments. [ 6 ] Around 20,000 people commute casual to jobs in Sydney by road and vilify, making it one of the busiest commuter corridors in Australia. [ 37 ]
education [edit ]
Tertiary and farther education [edit ]
There are two campuses of the Illawarra Institute of TAFE. The Wollongong Campus is the net ‘s largest campus, and it offers a variety of courses. Wollongong has one university, the University of Wollongong, which was once part of the University of New South Wales. The University was awarded the “ australian University of the class ” in two consecutive years ( 1999–2000, 2000–2001 ) by the good Universities Guide, and is internationally recognised. [ 38 ] It has two chief campuses : the primary campus on Northfields Avenue, and the Innovation Campus on Squires Way. The University ‘s Sydney Business School besides has a secondary campus in Sydney .
Schools [edit ]
Wollongong has a number of primary and high schools, including populace, denominational and independent. specialist high schools include Keira High School, the selective Smith ‘s Hill High School, the Illawarra Sports High School, The Illawarra Grammar School, St Mary Star of the Sea College ( all-girls Catholic high gear school ), Edmund Rice College ( all-boys Catholic high school ), Holy Spirit College ( Co-educational Catholic high school ), Cedars Christian College, Illawarra Christian School and the Wollongong High School of the Performing Arts .
Media [edit ]
Wollongong has one day by day newspaper, The Illawarra Mercury published and issued Monday to Saturday by Australian Community Media ( ACM ). additionally, ACM publishes respective detached community newspapers including the Advertiser incorporating Lake Times and Kiama Independent. [ 39 ] Wollongong and the Illawarra area are serviced by three commercial television networks – WIN Television, Prime7 and Southern Cross 10. The australian Broadcasting Corporation ( ABC ) and the Special Broadcasting Service ( SBS ) besides broadcast television services to Wollongong. In accession to these channels, ten-spot new channels air in are besides available in Wollongong and the greater Illawarra area. These channels include ABC HD, ABC TV Plus, ABC Me, ABC News, Prime7HD, 7two, 7mate, 7flix, 9HD, 9Go !, 9Gem, 9Life, 10 HD, 10 Bold, 10 Peach and SBS Viceland. In some areas it is besides potential to pick up Sydney channels. Subscription Television servicing Foxtel ( once Austar ) is besides available via satellite. Of the three main commercial networks :
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- WIN Television airs a half-hour local WIN News each weeknight at 5:30pm, produced and broadcast from the network’s headquarters in the city
- Southern Cross 10 airs short news & weather updates of 10 News First throughout the day from Hobart.
- Prime7 airs short local news and weather updates throughout the day, produced and broadcast from its Canberra studios.
The region receives five ABC radio services – ABC Illawarra 97.3FM, Triple J 98.9, and Radio National 1431 AM, ABC Classic FM 95.7 and Newsradio 90.9FM. There are two commercial radio receiver stations i98FM 98.1 and WAVE FM 96.5 – once 2WL, and two residential district radio receiver stations Vox FM 106.9 and Christian broadcaster 94.1 FM. [ 40 ]
transport [edit ]
road [edit ]
The main road connecting Wollongong is the M1 Princes Motorway ( once the F6 ). The expressway, character of National Route 1, descends the escarpment via Mount Ousley Road to enter the city near the University of Wollongong and exits at its southerly fringe. A second expressway, Memorial Drive ( once the Northern Distributor ), continues north from the university to connect Wollongong ‘s northerly suburbs, Bulli Pass and the scenic Lawrence Hargrave Drive. The Illawarra Highway connects Wollongong ‘s southern suburbs to the Southern Highlands via Macquarie Pass .
rail [edit ]
Wollongong railroad track station Wollongong is served by the Illawarra railway line. Passenger train services on this lineage connect the centres of Nowra and Kiama to the south and Sydney to the union. A branch line connects suburbs between the CBD and Port Kembla. A passenger rail service connecting Wollongong to the Southern Highlands has since been replaced with a passenger car service. Wollongong railway place is the city ‘s main train place, and serves Wollongong ‘s CBD. Freight services connect Sydney markets with Port Kembla and the Manildra Group factory at Bomaderry. The southerly Highlands tune is used primarily for freight, providing an important shunt for Sydney ‘s congested rail network .
bus [edit ]
road services in Wollongong are provided by Premier Illawarra and Dion ‘s Bus Service who besides provide school/charter services together with some early companies. Wollongong railroad track station serves as the network ‘s hub. Services connect Wollongong suburbs to Shellharbour, Lake Illawarra and the Royal National Park. There is besides a rid Shuttle Bus service that connects the CBD, University and the suburb of North Wollongong, Fairy Meadow and Gwynneville .
Air [edit ]
Wollongong is serviced by Shellharbour Airport, besides known as Illawarra Regional Airport and Wollongong Airport. The Airport is located in Albion Park Rail, 18km south of Wollongong CBD in the Shellharbour City LGA. regular Public Transport ( RPT ) publicize services to Melbourne ( Essendon ) and Brisbane airports were recommenced by Fly Corporate in 2018, following the cancellation of previous services offered by JetGo and QantasLink. Fly Corporate operates 34 seat SAAB 340B propjet aircraft. There are multiple air charter businesses including NSW Air, EliteJet and Touchdown Helicopters. The Historical Aircraft Restoration Society ( HARS ) is besides based at the airport .
culture [edit ]
Arts [edit ]
Gleniffer Brae Manor House, home to the Wollongong Conservatorium of Music Wollongong maintains an active arts scenery. In the area of music the city is home to respective music and sleep together ensembles. The Wollongong Conservatorium of Music provides musical tutelage for instruments and voice in authoritative, wind and contemporary styles. It is one of the largest regional conservatoriums in Australia and located in the historic Gleniffer Brae Manor House, function of the Wollongong Botanic Gardens .
Wollongong Art Gallery The local professional dramaturgy company, Merrigong Theatre Company, is located at the Illawarra Performing Arts Centre. Merrigong besides manages the city ‘s key civil and community venue, the Wollongong Town Hall, and presents a diverse range of events in the heart of the city. other local field groups include The Arcadians, The Phoenix Theatre and Wollongong Workshop Theatre. The annual Wollongong Eisteddfod showcases local anesthetic talent in music, theater and dancing. The Wollongong City Gallery houses a significant collection of the art of the Illawarra, contemporary Australian, Aboriginal and Asian art. The popular 1990s stoner rock band Tumbleweed were formed and based in Wollongong, as are Surf-Rock couple Hockey Dad. Yours and Owls Festival is an annual music festival that attracts 12,000 people and features the best up and coming australian and external bands. Cyrus Villanueva, winner of the seventh season of The X Factor Australia, was born and raised in Wollongong. [ 41 ] Wollongong besides hosts Wonderwalls, an annual street artwork festival featuring local and internationally acclaim street artists .
Hotel Illawarra in the city center
entertainment and Nightlife [edit ]
entertainment venues include the Crown Street Mall, many restaurants and cafe, the township film and the Illawarra Performing Arts Centre. Adjacent to WIN Stadium, the home earth of the NRL team St. George Illawarra Dragons, is the WIN Entertainment Centre : a multipurpose venue which hosts concerts and sporting events ( including Southern Stars, basketball and motocross stunt shows ). There are numerous city nightclubs, public house & registered clubs ; Including The Illawarra Master Builders Club, The Grand Hotel ( back to its original list, after being called Cooney ‘s for a few years ), Mr Crown, Ron De Vu, The Illawarra Hotel, The Harp Hotel, and The North Wollongong Hotel. Most suburbs besides have their own hotels, each with individual character .
refreshment [edit ]
Wollongong has 17 seasonally-patrolled local beaches : Stanwell Park, Coalcliff, Scarborough/Wombarra, Coledale, Austinmer, Thirroul, Sandon Point, Bulli, Woonona, Bellambi, Corrimal, Towradgi, Fairy Meadow, North Wollongong, Wollongong City, Port Kembla and Windang. Surfing, rock fishing, swim, skimboarding are common activities. The Wollongong to Thirroul Bike Track, a thirteen kilometer Heart Foundation walking/biking pathway which runs northwards adjacent to the Illawarra coastline starting at Wollongong Beach, is frequented by walkers, joggers, skaters and bicycle riders. Bushwalking on nearby Mount Keira and Mount Kembla, and motorbike riding at the Motocross Track on the escarpment west of Wollongong, are besides popular activities. [ citation needed ] Wollongong has many parks. In the city center is McCabe Park, featuring a playground, the local youth center, a war memorial, residential district hall, a sculpt called “ Nike ” and a brick amphitheater. Lang Park, adjacent to the city beach, has a count of shelters built in the 1950s. [ citation needed ] These were subject for demolition but were saved by a community vote. Stuart Park, to the coastal union of the city but south of Fairy Lagoon and Puckeys Estate Reserve, is well known as a landing point for skydivers a well as a plaza for outdoor diversion and social gatherings. Stuart Park is besides classifiable for its Norfolk Island Pines, planted during the North Wollongong tourism boom in the 1920s. [ citation needed ] J.J.Kelly Park to the south is used by circuses, arsenic well as a protected sphere of creek leading to the Greenhouse Park north of the Port Kembla Steelworks, containing a revegetated area of once waste and a lookout, american samoa well as the little remnants of Tom Thumb Lagoon, which once stretched north to Swan Street. Beaton Park in Gwynneville is home to Tennis Wollongong and the Leisure Centre with an athletics building complex, indoor heated swimming pool, gymnasium and multipurpose sports anteroom .
mutant [edit ]
Rugby League [edit ]
A rugby league match being played at WIN stadium, one of two home grounds used by the St. George Illawarra Dragons The St George Illawarra Dragons Rugby league club represents the city in the National Rugby League ( NRL ) rival. The club was formed in a amalgamation between the St. George Dragons and the Illawarra Steelers in 1999, and continues to play some home games at WIN Stadium. They won the 2010 NRL Grand Final against the Sydney Roosters. Prior to the amalgamation the Illawarra Steelers had represented the area in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership and NRL between 1982 and 1998. Rugby League has been played in Wollongong since 1911, and the sphere has produced at least 41 international players. [ 42 ] At the local level league continues to have a potent follow with a number of teams playing in the Illawarra Rugby League and Group 7 Rugby League competitions. The Illawarra Cutters represent the Illawarra area in the New South Wales Cup and the Harold Matthews Cup .
other sports [edit ]
The city does not have a senior cricket team representing it. Ireland captain Trent Johnston grew up in Dapto and played for New South Wales before leaving for Ireland. australian internationals and New South Wales players Brett and Shane Lee were raised in Oak Flats and played for the local anesthetic cricket club Oak Flat Rats. The Illawarra Lions represent the area in the Sydney AFL rival ( as the only non-sydney basal side ). [ 43 ] The Illawarriors are a rugby union club based in the Illawarra, who contest the Shute Shield NSW clubhouse competition. The clubhouse play some of their home plate games at WIN Stadium. The Illawarra Hawks basketball team play in the National Basketball League and are the only NBL baseball club ( as of 2019/20 season ) to have competed in every season since the league ‘s origin in 1979. Home games are played at the WIN Entertainment Centre, known as “ The Sandpit ” in the NBL. [ 44 ] Wollongong Wolves FC is the region ‘s football club who compete in the New South Wales Premier League. Scott Chipperfield, a Wollongong native who became a professional football player in Europe, along with Tim Cahill, has recently expressed an interest in being involved in a Wollongong football club in the A-League, adenine well as the Sydney club playing some promotional games in Wollongong. Great South Football is a consortium preparing the Illawarra ‘s South Coast A-League command. In former 2008, the club folded due to debt incurred over the past season. It is proposed that a new community-based entity will take on the Football NSW license previously held by Wollongong Wolves FC. [ 45 ] The first recorded pit of water polo in Wollongong came in 1894, in a men ‘s peer between the Wollongong and Kiama Swim Clubs at Brighton Beach. The Kiama Swim Club prevailed, winning 3-0. [ 46 ] Water polo is presently played at UOW Pool through the Illawarra Water Polo Club. Each year, Illawarra besides compete at the NSW Country Club Championships, whereby the Illawarra U14 ‘s boys won in 2021. [ 47 ] The Illawarra Cycling Club holds road cycle races about every workweek of the class. During the summer, velodrome race is besides promoted at the Unanderra Velodrome on the Princes Highway. A recent focus within the club has seen a switch to encompass a stronger emphasis on youth exploitation programs alongside its already potent commitment to competitive under 19 ‘s, 23 ‘s and adult road race. The club is represented at a state of matter and national tied regularly and has had several riders compete at external levels. [ citation needed ] The Gong Scorpions are the local anesthetic Floorball team from the Wollongong sphere. The Club plays socially at the Wollongong University and has recently been re-established in order to compete in the NSW Elite Series. [ citation needed ] baseball has been played in the region with structure competitions conducted since 1938. [ citation needed ] The Illawarra District Baseball Association was the governing torso from this year until 1991 when the Illawarra Baseball League was created. The Illawarra Junior Baseball League was inaugurated in 1984 to accommodate a growing total of juniors that peaked at around 950 players in 1995. Eight regional clubs from four local anesthetic Government Areas play in the I B L. A regional club, the Illawarra Flame Baseball Club, fielded teams in four grades in the New South Wales Baseball League Sydney Major League from 1994 to 2007. The beginning grade team made the Grand Final in their inauguration season. The Club won a total of four premierships while participating. The IFBC played their inaugural games against the All Kawasaki Baseball Club in August 1994 the games being the first sporting exchange between the Sister Cities, Wollongong and Kawasaki. The Wollongong Whales compete against Bondi Icebergs Winter Swimming Club, South Maroubra Dolphins Winter Swimming Club, Cronulla Polar Bears Winter Swimming Club, Maroubra Seals Winter Swimming Club, Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club, Clovelly Eskimos Winter Swimming Club, Bronte Splashers, Coogee Penguins Winter Swimming Club and Cottesloe Crabs in the Winter Swimming Association of Australia Championships. [ 48 ] other democratic sports in the Illawarra include golf, rock climb, surfing, cup stack, triathlon, ultimate frisbee and batch bicycle. In the book Quidditch Through the Ages by J. K. Rowling, the Wollongong Warriors are listed as one of Australia ‘s quidditch teams. They have a competition with the Thundelarra Thunderers, and are the inventors of the Wollongong Shimmy, a high-speed zigzag move designed to confuse and distract opposing Chasers. Wollongong Warriors is now a real club in australian Quidditch Association, a Muggle quidditch league. Wollongong will be hosting the UCI Road World Championships in 2022. [ 49 ]
Attractions [edit ]
In summation to numerous swim, skate spots and surfing beaches, major visitor attractions to Wollongong City include :
Sister and friendship cities [edit ]
Wollongong has sister city and friendship city arrangements with : [ 50 ]
- Kawasaki, Japan, formally established 1988
- Ohrid, North Macedonia, established 1981, lapsed, formally re-established 1999
- Longyan, People’s Republic of China (friendship city), formally established 2001
luminary people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
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