In baseball statistics,

**slugging percentage**(

**SLG**) is a measure of the batting productivity of a batter. It is calculated as total bases divided by at bats, through the following formula, where

*AB*is the count of at bats for a given player, and

*1B*,

*2B*,

*3B*, and

*HR*are the number of singles, doubles, triples, and dwelling runs, respectively :

- S L G = ( 1 B ) + ( 2 × 2 B ) + ( 3 × 3 B ) + ( 4 × H R ) A B { \displaystyle \mathrm { SLG } = { \frac { ( { \mathit { 1B } } ) + ( 2\times { \mathit { 2B } } ) + ( 3\times { \mathit { 3B } } ) + ( 4\times { \mathit { HR } } ) } { AB } } }

Unlike batting average, slugging share gives more weight to extra-base hits such as doubles and home runs, relative to singles. Plate appearances resulting in walks, hit-by-pitches, catcher ‘s interference, and sacrifice bunts or flies are specifically excluded from this calculation, as such an appearance is not counted as an at squash racket ( these are not factored into batting median either ).

Reading: Slugging percentage – Wikipedia

The diagnose is a misnomer, as the statistic is not a share but an average of how many bases a player achieves per at bat. It is a scale of measure whose calculate prize is a issue from 0 to 4. This might not be readily apparent given that a Major League Baseball musician ‘s slug percentage is about constantly less than 1 ( as a majority of at bats result in either 0 or 1 base ). The statistic gives a double doubly the value of a single, a ternary three times the value, and a home run four times. [ 2 ] The idle percentage would have to be divided by 4 to actually be a percentage ( of bases achieved per at bat out of full bases possible ). As a consequence, it is occasionally called **slugging average**, or just **slugging**, rather. [ 3 ] A slug share is constantly expressed as a decimal to three decimal places, and is generally spoken as if multiplied by 1000. For exercise, a slug share of .589 would be spoken as “ five eighty nine, ” and one of 1.127 would be spoken as “ eleven twenty dollar bill seven. ”

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## Facts about slugging share [edit ]

A slug share is not equitable for the use of measuring the productiveness of a batter. It can be applied as an appraising tool for pitchers. It is not as common but it is referred to as slugging-percentage against. [ 4 ] In 2019, the mean average SLG among all teams in Major League Baseball was .435. [ 5 ] The maximal slug percentage has a numeric value of 4.000. however, no player in the history of the MLB has always retired with a 4.000 slug percentage. Five players tripled in their merely at bat and consequently share the Major League record, when calculated without esteem to games played or plate appearances, of a career slugging share of 3.000. This list includes Eric Cammack ( 2000 Mets ) ; Scott Munninghoff ( 1980 Phillies ) ; Eduardo Rodríguez ( 1973 Brewers ) ; and Charlie Lindstrom ( 1958 White Sox ). [ 6 ]

## exercise calculation [edit ]

For example, in 1920, Babe Ruth played his first temper for the New York Yankees. In 458 at bats, Ruth had 172 hits, comprising 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, which brings the sum base count to ( 73 × 1 ) + ( 36 × 2 ) + ( 9 × 3 ) + ( 54 × 4 ) = 388. His entire number of bases ( 388 ) divided by his sum at bats ( 458 ) is .847 which constitutes his idle share for the season. This besides set a record for Ruth which stood until 2001 when Barry Bonds achieved 411 bases in 476 at bats bringing his slugging percentage to .863, which has been unmatched since. [ 7 ]

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## meaning [edit ]

hanker after it was first invented, slugging percentage gained fresh meaning when baseball analysts realized that it combined with on-base percentage ( OBP ) to form a very good measure of a actor ‘s overall offensive output ( in fact, OBP + SLG was in the first place referred to as “ production ” by baseball writer and statistician Bill James ). A harbinger metric function was developed by Branch Rickey in 1954. Rickey, in *Life* cartridge holder, suggested that combining OBP with what he called “ extra base power ” ( EBP ) would give a better indicator of musician operation than typical Triple Crown stats. EBP was a predecessor to slugging share. [ 8 ] Allen Barra and George Ignatin were early adopters in combining the two contemporary statistics, multiplying them together to form what is now known as “ SLOB ” ( Slugging × On-Base ). [ 9 ] Bill James applied this principle to his runs created formula respective years belated ( and possibly independently ), basically multiplying SLOB × at bats to create the rule :

- RC = ( hits + walks ) × ( sum bases ) ( at bats ) + ( walks ) { \displaystyle { \text { RC } } = { \frac { ( { \text { hits } } + { \text { walks } } ) \times ( { \text { total bases } } ) } { ( { \text { at bats } } ) + ( { \text { walks } } ) } } }

In 1984, Pete Palmer and John Thorn developed possibly the most widespread means of combining slugging and on-base share : On-base plus idle ( OPS ), which is a simple addition of the two values. Because it is easy to calculate, OPS has been used with increase frequency in holocene years as a shorthand form to evaluate contributions as a buffet. In a 2015 article, Bryan Grosnick made the compass point that “ on base ” and “ slugging ” may not be comparable enough to be merely added together. “ On foundation ” has a theoretical maximal of 1.000 whereas “ slugging ” has a theoretical utmost of 4.000. The actual numbers do n’t show ampere big a dispute, with Grosnick listing .350 as a good “ on establish ” and .430 as a good “ slug. ” He goes on to say that OPS has the advantages of simplicity and handiness and far states, “ you ‘ll probably get it 75 % correct, at least. ” [ 10 ]

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## Perfect slugging percentage [edit ]

The utmost numerically possible slugging share is 4.000. [ 2 ] A count of MLB players ( 117 through the end of the 2016 season ) have momentarily had a 4.000 career slugging share by homering in their first major league at bat .