This article is about the administrative region in Greece. For other uses, see western Macedonia ( disambiguation ) administrative region of Greece in Macedonia
Western Macedonia ( greek : Δυτική Μακεδονία, romanized : Dhitikí Makedhonía, greek pronunciation : [ ðitiˈki makeðoˈnia ] ) is one of the thirteen regions of Greece, consisting of the westerly separate of Macedonia. Located in north-western Greece, it is divided into the regional units of Florina, Grevena, Kastoria, and Kozani. With a population of approximately 280,000 people, as of 2021, the region had one of the highest unemployment rates in the European Union. [ 3 ] [ 4 ]
Reading: Western Macedonia – Wikipedia
geography [edit ]
The area of western Macedonia is situated in north-western Greece, bordering with the regions of Central Macedonia ( east ), Thessaly ( south ), Epirus ( west ), and bounded to the north at the international borders of Greece with the Republic of North Macedonia ( Bitola, Resen and Novaci municipalities ) and Albania ( Korçë County ). Although it covers a sum surface of 9,451 km2 ( 3,649 sq nautical mile ) ( 7.2 % of state ‘s total ), it has a entire population of 283,689 inhabitants ( 2.6 % of the country ‘s total ), thus it is a low-density populated region ( 30 per km2, as compared to the country ‘s 81.96 per km2 average ). This is chiefly due to the mountainous nature of the region, as 82 % of the total surface are mountainous and semi-mountainous areas. This is besides reflected in the population distribution, as a majority of the population ( 56 % ) lives in rural areas. The capital of the region is Kozani with 53,880 inhabitants. other main towns are Ptolemaida ( 37,289 ), Grevena ( 17,610 ), Florina ( 19,985 ) and Kastoria ( 16,958 ) .
economy [edit ]
Map of Western Macedonia region The region has one operational Industrial Area in Florina and another one under construction in Kozani. The secondary sector is very significant for the Regional economy, chiefly due to the mine activities, the production of electric exponent ( 70 % of area ‘s sum power is produced in the Region ) and the fur-leather sector. however, “ easy ” structures have not followed the general improvement of heavy infrastructures, a situation that has to be remedied, in order to achieve an overall higher economic development of the Region. The R & D services are at a rather low grade : lone 3,5 % of the country ‘s total research foundations are situated in the Region. Among them, the University of Western Macedonia plays an crucial role in supporting the regional research and educational efforts. however, an enhanced interaction with SME ‘s will be a crucial component, in club to improve the productivity and the add value of products and services generated in the Region of Western Macedonia. Some of its more celebrated products are marbles, Saffron ( krokos Kozanis ), fruits, Florina peppers, local wines ( Kozani, Amyntaio ), furs ( Kastoria, Siatista ) and specialized arts and crafts industry. The Egnatia expressway via Egnatia ( Trans – European Network ) that crosses the region, along with its two vertical National Roads, shape a network that dramatically improves the tape drive conditions in the Region and alter its traditional “ isolation ” effigy, chiefly due to its mountainous landscape. On the other hand, the railway network is insufficient and the two airports ( Kozani and Kastoria ) can only serve small passenger planes. The telecommunication network has dramatically improved over the last ten, providing the regional population with adequate services and modern facilities. The death years the region is being developed in tourism chiefly on winter. It is the only greek region without ocean slide, but there are a set of lakes, mountains, villages and two big ski centers in Florina ( Vigla ) and Grevena ( Vasilitsa ) and one other under construction in Kozani ( Velvendos ). [ citation needed ] The administrative building of western Macedonia area is located in Zone of Alternate Urban Planning ( ZEP ) in the city of Kozani. The Gross domestic product ( GDP ) of the state was 4.0 billion € in 2018, accounting for 2.1 % of greek economic output. GDP per head adjusted for purchasing power was 17,700 € or 59 % of the EU27 modal in the same class. The GDP per employee was 79 % of the EU median. [ 5 ] The unemployment rate stood at 19.7 % in 2021, one of the highest regional unemployment rates in the European Union. [ 6 ]
administration [edit ]
As one of thirteen administrative regions, the Western Macedonia Region ( greek : Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Μακεδονίας, Periféria Dytikís Makedonías ) was established in 1987, comprising the prefectures of Kastoria, Grevena, Kozani and Florina. In the absence of a work budget the administrative regions however remained ineffective to fulfill even their limited responsibilities, until in 1994 they assumed the prefectures ‘ competences in regard to tax collection, european structural support and treasury. [ 7 ] Resulting from the 2010 Kallikratis Programme, prefectures were abolished and rather, the regions became autonomous bodies in their own proper with powers and agency being redefined and largely extended. Starting with the 2010 local elections, both the regional governor and the regional council have been popularly elected. [ 8 ] From 2014 on, the elections are held together with the European Parliament elections for a five-year period. The region is based at Kozani and is divided into four regional units ( the pre-Kallikratis prefectures ). It comprises 12 municipalities ( down from 61 pre-Kallikratis local administrative units ). Along with the neighboring Epirus region it is supervised by the Ioannina -based Decentralized Administration of Epirus and Western Macedonia .
history [edit ]
The modern region of western Macedonia roughly corresponds to the ancient greek regions of Orestis, Elimiotis, Eordaea, Tymphaea, part of Lynkestis, of Upper Macedonia. Miltiades Hatzopoulos and other scholars suggest that the Argead Macedonians wandered from Orestis to Lower Macedonia where they founded the ancient greek kingdom of Macedon. [ 10 ] Three of the most significant hellenic dynasties originated from Upper Macedonia : the Lagids from Eordaea, the Seleucids from Orestis and the Antigonids from Elimiotis .
Demographics [edit ]
The administrative build of western Macedonia region in Kozani The population of western Macedonia was 283,689 according to the 2011 Greek census. [ 9 ] today, the region is predominantly ethnic greek with Slavophone Greeks being a minority. The former are chiefly concentrated in the towns Florina, Kastoria and Ptolemaida. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] There are besides around 1,400 Slavophones—approximately 0.5 % of the local anesthetic population—who profess a Slavic Macedonian identity. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] other smaller communities include Aromanians and Arvanites .
western Macedonia. The bridge over the Polyfytos artificial lake of the river Aliakmonas in Kozani Prefecture
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neoclassic houses at the shoreline of Sakoulevas river, Florina The biggest towns in each regional unit of measurement, according to the census of 2011 ( only communities with population more than 2,000 recorded ) :
major cities and towns [edit ]
education [edit ]
The University of Western Macedonia provides technical department of education to stimulate growth throughout the region, and is located in Kozani, Florina and Kastoria. Programs at the university in Florina include courses of report in the Pedagogic Department and the Department of Balkan studies. The Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia ( TEIWM ) provides undergraduate degrees in Engineering, Business and Finance, Agriculture, Health and Welfare. Based in Kozani, it operates satellite campuses in Kastoria, Florina, Grevena and Ptolemaida .
Media [edit ]
television receiver channels [edit ]
gallery [edit ]
- Ancient Macedonian grave in Eordaia
- Aghios Nikolaos Clock Tower in Kozani
- village of Agios Germanos-Prespa
- Vigla : Pissoderi ski resort in Florina
References [edit ]
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