Biology (BIO) < Wake Forest University

BIO 101. Biology and the Human Condition. (4 h)
presentation to basic principles in biota, emphasizing recent advances in biology in the context of their ethical, social, political, and economic considerations. Intended for students with little or no previous have in biology. BIO 101 is not recommended for those pursuing a career in the health professions or who are planning to continue in biota. Does NOT count toward the biology major or child. Credit not given for both BIO 101 and BIO 111. C- BIO 101L. ( D )
BIO 101L. Biology and the Human Condition-Lab. (0 h)
Lab only. No credit.

BIO 105. Plants and People. (4 h)
Explores the numerous associations between plants and people, the fundamental importance of plant diversity to humans and their function in the sustainability of the biosphere. This course is intended for students with little or no former have in biology and does NOT count toward the major or minor in Biology. ( D )
BIO 111. Biological Principles. (4 h)
analyze of the general principles of living things with focus on the cellular, organismal, and population levels of biological constitution, emphasizing the function of heredity and development in these systems. Used as equivalent credit for anterior college level or transfer class exercise only. Does NOT count toward the major or minor in biota. Credit not given for both BIO 101 and BIO 111. ( D )
BIO 111L. Biological Principles Lab. (0 h)
Lab merely. No citation .
BIO 150. Biology I. (3 h)
introduction to biological principles and concepts I. Both BIO 150 and 150L must be taken to meet the divisional requirement. ( D )
BIO 150L. Biology I Lab. (1 h)
P or C- BIO 150 .
BIO 160. Biology II. (3 h)
introduction to biological principles and concepts II. P- BIO 150 .
BIO 160L. Biology II Lab. (1 h)
P- BIO 150 and 150L. P or C- BIO 160 .
BIO 202. Bird Taxonomy (Florida). (2 h)
immersion in bird taxonomy and ecology, conducted in southerly Florida during six days of Spring Break. Two on-campus meetings are followed by a tripper to top bird sites in North America, viewing over 100 species and covering most of the global ‘s orders of birds. out-of-pocket costs for food, transportation, and lodging expected to be $ 200 or less. P-POI required .
BIO 208. Understanding Climate Change. (1.5 h)
initiation to the scientific evidence for climate change .
BIO 210. Ethical Decision-Making in Biology and Medicine. (3 h)
Examines contemporaneous issues in bioethics, including responsible conduct in research, implications of technological advances in biology, environmental issues, and controversies in health care and medical drill .
BIO 212. Biodiversity. (4 h)
Investigates the history of life on land and examines its diversification in an evolutionary and ecological context. Lectures cover the mechanisms of biological diversification and sketch life on earth. Labs introduce students to the broad diverseness of life sentence through exercises with surviving organisms. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L. ( D )
BIO 213. Genetics and Molecular Biology. (4 h)
introduction to the principles and processes of heredity, information flow, and gene officiate. Topics covered include mendelian genetics, molecular genetics, and the lineage of genetic variation. This course will be offered for the death time spring 2021. C- BIO 213L .
BIO 213L. Genetics and Molecular Biology Lab. (0 h)
Lab only. No credit .
BIO 214. Cellular Biology. (4 h)
introduction to the principles and processes of cellular biology and their impact on organismal function. Topics include molecular administration of cellular structures, regulations of cellular functions, bioenergetics, and metamorphosis. Introduces cancer, immunology, and developmental biology. This course will be offered for the end time in spring 2021. P-BIO 114 and CHM 111 .
BIO 214L. Cellular Biology Lab. (0 h)
Lab lone. No credit .
BIO 220. Introduction to Earth Science. (3 h)
Oceans, weather, climate, earthquakes, volcanoes, territory, and space all play important roles in our dynamic planet. Students will explore the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere, and gain a deeper understand of how the Earth operates as a hale. besides listed as ENV 220. P-requires BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L if taken as BIO 220 .
BIO 225. Field Biology and Natural History. (3 h)
Provides a hands-on study of organisms in their natural habitats with an emphasis on local North Carolina biodiversity. Well-established sampling methods in field biota are blended with emerging technologies. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 235. Genetics and Evolution. (3 h)
exploration of genetic development, biodiversity, adaptation, and genomics. Intended as an intercede course for developing skills towards advanced studies in genetics, evolution, ecology, and molecular biology. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 245. Comparative Animal Physiology. (3 h)
introduction to animal physiology in the context of animal diverseness and development. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 265. Cellular and Molecular Biology. (3 h)
exploration of the molecular mechanism of cellular functions. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 301. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or call on the carpet courses in selected topics, some involving lab direction. May be repeated if the course title differs .
BIO 302. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or lecture courses in selected topics, some involving lab teaching. May be repeated if the run claim differs .
BIO 303. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or lecture courses in selected topics, some involving testing ground instruction. May be repeated if the course title differs .
BIO 304. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or lecture courses in selected topics, some involving testing ground instruction. May be repeated if the course title differs .
BIO 305. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or lecture courses in selected topics, some involving testing ground instruction. May be repeated if the course title differs .
BIO 306. Topics in Biology. (1-4 h)
Seminar and/or lecture courses in selected topics, some involving lab education. May be repeated if the run claim differs .
BIO 308. Biomechanics. (3 h)
Analyzes the kinship between organismal form and function using principles from physics and engineering. Solid and fluid mechanics are employed to study invention in living systems. P-BIO 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 308L. Biomechanics Lab. (1 h)
Laboratory study of biomechanics. P or C- BIO 308 .
BIO 309. Comparative Anatomy. (4 h)
study of the vertebrate body from an evolutionary, functional, and developmental perspective. Labs underscore structure and function, chiefly through the dissection of spokesperson vertebrates. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 245 .
BIO 310. Community Ecology and Global Change. (4 h)
An advanced ecology run covering mechanisms that determine the dynamics and distribution of plant and animal assemblages and their responses to and roles in ball-shaped change. Lectures focus on ecological principles and theory. Lab includes local field trips and discussion of the primary literature. Weekend playing field trips to Outer Banks and mountains. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 311. Ecology and Conservation Biology of Coral Reefs. (4 h)
In-depth report of the diverse biotic and abiotic components that come together to structure ecosystem function and biodiversity at all spatial scales in one of Earth ’ s most fat and diverse environments, however one most threatened by human manipulation and climate switch. Lab component is a one-week field trip over Spring Break. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 313. Herpetology. (4 h)
Explores the biota of reptiles and amphibians, emphasizing their alone morphologic, physiological, behavioral and life-history adaptations, and their evolutionary relationships. The lab consists by and large of field trips. P-BIO 113, 114 and 213 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 315. Population Genetics. (3 h)
study of the come and distribution of genic pas seul in populations of organisms and of how processes such as mutation, recombination, and survival affect genetic version. Lectures inaugurate theoretical studies and include discussion of molecular and phenotypical variation in natural populations. P-BIO 113 and 213 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L. ( QR )
BIO 315L. Population Genetics Lab. (1 h)
Uses calculator model and simulation, and experiments using populations of fruit flies and other mannequin organisms as allow. P or C- BIO 315 .
BIO 316. Biology of Birds. (4 h)
lecture plus lab course emphasizing ecological and evolutionary influences on the physiology, behavior, diversity, and population biology of birds, and case studies in conservation biology. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 317. Plant Physiology and Development. (3 h)
Examines the growth, development, and physiologic processes of plants. control of these processes is examined on genetic, biochemical, and whole plant levels. P-BIO 114, 213 and 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 317L. Plant Physiology and Development Lab. (1 h)
Consists of integrated experiments and an independently designed research project. P or C- BIO 317 .
BIO 323. Animal Behavior. (3 h)
A survey of lab and field research on animal behavior. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, or BIO 160L .
BIO 323L. Animal Behavior Lab. (1 h)
Laboratory study of animal behavior. P or C- BIO 323 .
BIO 324. Hormones and Behavior. (3 h)
Explores the mechanism of hormonal influences on behavior in a broad range of animals, including humans. P-BIO 114 or BIO 245 .
BIO 327. Mycology: Biology of Fungi. (4 h)
Introduces fungi, their evolution and natural taxonomy ; cell and molecular biota ; genetics, checkmate, and exploitation ; primary and secondary biochemistry ; and their interactions with early organisms and the environment. Lab introduces culture, microscopic and molecular techniques. P-BIO 113, 114, 213 and 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 328. Biology of Aging. (3 h)
Explores mechanisms of aging, and effects of aging on cellular and physiologic processes in a range of organisms. P-BIO 113, 114 and 214 ; or BIO 235 or BIO 245 or BIO 265 .
BIO 329. Conservation Biology. (3 h)
Lectures, readings, and discussions examining biological resources, their limitations and methods for sustainability. Genetic, aquatic, mundane, and ecosystem resources will be examined. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 330. Land and Natural Resource Management. (3 h)
Provides a fundamental understand of nation and resource management. The major focus is on federal supervision and policies but state, local, non-profit, and international aspects are included. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 333. Vertebrates. (4 h)
systematic analyze of vertebrates, with vehemence on evolution, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Laboratory devoted to taxonomic, field, and experimental studies. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 334. Parasitology. (4 h)
Survey of protozoal, helminth, and arthropod parasites with a focus on cellular biology, life cycles, host-parasite relationships, and public health implications. testing ground stress microscopy-based techniques for examining leech morphology and intracellular structures. P- BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 265 .
BIO 335. Insect Biology. (4 h)
initiation to the diverseness, structure, development, physiology, behavior, and ecology of insects. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 336. Development. (3 h)
analyze of the molecular, cellular, and anatomic aspects of embryonic development of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. P-BIO 114, 213 and 214, or BIO 150, 150L, 160, or BIO 160L.

BIO 336L. Development Lab. (1 h)
Laboratory study of the molecular, cellular, and anatomic aspects of embryonic development of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. P or C- BIO 336 .
BIO 338. Plant Diversity. (3 h)
Explores the diversification of plants in the context of convergent evolution, functional processes and ecological importance. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 338L. Plant Diversity. (1 h)
Plant diversity lab. P or C- BIO 338 .
BIO 340. Ecology. (4 h)
presentation to the interrelationships among living systems and their environments ; structure and dynamics of major ecosystem types ; contemporary problems in ecology. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L. ( QR )
BIO 341. Marine Biology. (3 h)
An initiation to the physical, chemical, and biological parameters affecting the distribution of marine organisms. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 341L. Marine Biology. (1 h)
Marine biology lab. P or C- BIO 341 .
BIO 342. Oceanography. (4 h)
Introduces the geological, physical, chemical, and biological processes that govern the global oceans and their character in climate exchange. lab focus is on tools and research questions apposite to the field of biological oceanography. P- CHM 111 and BIO 113 or CHM 111 and BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 343. Molecular Neuroscience. (3 h)
Investigates the cellular and molecular footing of neural function, including the molecular basis of neurological disorders. P- BIO 213 and 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 346. Neurobiology. (3 h)
Introduces the structure and affair of the nervous system including the neural basis of demeanor. P-BIO 114 and 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 346L. Neurobiology Lab. (1 h)
lab emphasizing electrophysiological techniques with experiments from the cellular to the behavioral level. Students will design and complete their own projects. C- BIO 346 .
BIO 348. Physiological Plant Ecology. (3 h)
Provides a fundamental sympathize of how plants have adapted to the stresses of their habitats, peculiarly in harsh or extreme environments such as deserts, the alpine, the arctic tundra, and tropical rain forests. P-BIO 113 and 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 348L. Physiological Plant Ecology. (1 h)
physiologic plant ecology lab. P or C- BIO 348 .
BIO 349. Tropical Biodiversity of the Amazon and Andes. (4 h)
intensive playing field course in tropical biodiversity focusing on ecosystems, natural resource management, and conservation. Students will travel to major tropical biomes in the huge tropical wildernesses of Andean and Amazonian Peru. Lectures emphasize the basic ecological principles crucial in each ecosystem. Field-based lab concenter on student-designed projects. Offered in the summer entirely. POI required .
BIO 352. Developmental Neuroscience. (4 h)
Focuses on the exploitation of neural structures and the malleability of the ripe nervous system. testing ground features immunocytochemical and cell culture techniques for the study of neurons. P- BIO 213 and 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 353. Functional Neuroanatomy. (3 h)
Introduces the anatomical reference administration of the vertebrate central aflutter system. P- BIO 214 or BIO 245 .
BIO 354. Methods in Neuroscience. (3 h)
Introduces the techniques used in the field of neuroscience. Anatomical, physiological, molecular and behavioral methods are covered through lectures, testing ground oeuvre, and reading the primary literature. besides offered in Salamanca. P-BIO 114 and 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 356. Ecology and Resource Management of Southeast Australia. (4 h)
intensive field-oriented course focusing on ecosystems, natural resource management and environmental conservation of southeast Australia. Students travel to major biomes including sub-tropical rainforests, coral reefs and the australian urban environment. Laboratories are field-based, with some consisting of student-designed projects. Taught only in summers in Australia. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L or POI .
BIO 357. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. (3 h)
Explores the ways in which biological mechanisms can inspire new technologies, products, and businesses. The course combines basic biological and entrepreneurial principles. besides listed as ENT 357. P-BIO 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 358. Biogeography. (3 h)
Study of geographic mutant and distribution of organismal diverseness using theoretical, historical and ecological information with specific applications to conservation and sustainability. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 358L. Biogeography Lab. (1 h)
Introduces methods of analysis related to the analyze of biogeography. P or C- BIO 358 .
BIO 360. Metabolic Diseases. (3 h)
Explores genic and biochemical pathways in the context of connatural errors of metamorphosis. P- BIO 370 / CHM 370 / BMB 370 .
BIO 361. Principles of Biological Microscopy. (4 h)
Introduces the fundamentals of biological image techniques. Students will explore a kind of microscopic methods ampere well as image acquisition, post-image action, and scientific figure creation. emphasis will be on both a theoretical and hardheaded sympathy of microscopic imaging principles. Concepts of experimental design and data criticism will be explored through student projects and presentations. P- BIO 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 362. Immunology. (3 h)
study of the components and protective mechanisms of the human immune system, including congenital and acquired exemption. P- BIO 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 363. Sensory Biology. (3 h)
presentation to sensational physiology and early aspects of centripetal systems, e.g. molecular biota and anatomy. besides offered in Salamanca. P-BIO 114 and 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 363L. Sensory Biology Lab. (1 h)
lab emphasizing electrophysiological and behavioral techniques to examine sensational systems. Students will design and complete their own projects. C- BIO 363 .
BIO 365. Biology of the Cell. (3 h)
lecture path on classic and recent experiments in cell biota. analysis and interpretation of experimental data from the elementary literature is emphasized. P- BIO 213 and 214 or any BIO naturally at the 211 degree or above .
BIO 365L. Biology of the Cell Lab. (1 h)
lab course introducing basic techniques in cell biology, leading to an independent project. P or C- BIO 365 .
BIO 367. Virology. (3 h)
Introduces molecular virology, including viral replication, viral-cell interactions, viral disease, and methods for studying and controlling viruses. P- BIO 213 and 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 368. The Cell Biological Basis of Disease. (3 h)
Examines defects in basic cellular mechanisms that may lead to disease. P- BIO 214 or BIO 265 .
BIO 368L. The Cell Biological Basis of Disease Lab. (1 h)
Lab uses progress microscopic and histological techniques to investigate basic properties of cells. P or C- BIO 368 .
BIO 369. Cancer Biology. (3 h)
analysis of molecular and cellular mechanisms that transform normal cells, trigger abnormal proliferation, and lead to tumor formation. stress is on the biological basis of cancer, with some exploration of clinical and social consequences. P- BIO 213 and 214, or BIO 235 or BIO 245, or BIO 265 .
BIO 372. Advanced Molecular Biology. (3 h)
Presents molecular mechanisms by which stored genetic information is expressed including the mechanism for and regulation of gene construction, protein synthesis, and genome edit. Emphasizes analysis and rendition of experimental data from the primary literature. besides listed as BMB 372. P- BIO 370 / BMB 370 / CHM 370 .
BIO 372L. Advanced Molecular Biology Laboratory. (1.5 h)
Introduces modern methods of molecular biology to analyze and manipulate expression of genes and function of gene products. besides listed as BMB 372L. P or C- BIO 372 / BMB 372 or BMB 373 / CHM 373 .
BIO 374. Neuropharmacology. (3 h)
Introduces how pharmacological agents affect cellular and molecular functions in the nervous system of normal and disease states. lecture and event studies will be used to examine topics including drugs targeting climate and emotion, memory and dementia, and movement disorders. Drugs of abuse and the neurological basis of addiction will besides be evaluated. P- BIO 214 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 379. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). (4 h)
Introduces the concepts and manipulation of GIS as a map and analytic tool with stress on applications environmental model, global change, sociodemographic variety, and site suitability analyses. P-BIO 113 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 380. Biostatistics. (3 h)
An introduction to statistical methods used by biologists, including descriptive statistics, hypothesis-testing, analysis of variance, and regression and correlation. P-BIO 114 or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L. ( QR )
BIO 381. Epigenetics. (3 h)
Studies the molecular mechanism for inheritance of genome modifications. Uses primary literature to explore the environmental and developmental signals that influence epigenetic controls of gene expression and disease. besides listed as BMB 381. P- BIO 213 and 214, or BIO 265 .
BIO 381L. Epigenetics Laboratory. (1 h)
Provides hands-on experiences with genome edit and molecular genetics to address the routine and saying of genes. besides listed as BMB 381L. P or C- BIO 381 or POI .
BIO 383L. Genomics Lab. (1 h)
Introduces analytic methods and interpretation of genome wide data through virtual tutorials. besides listed as BMB 383L. P or C- BIO 383 .
BIO 384. Molecular Evolution. (3 h)
study of the evolutionary psychoanalysis of biological sequences in population genetic and phylogenetic context. Explores statistical and bioinformatic techniques for investigating population development, molecular adaptations, and reconstruction of evolutionary history through primary coil literature. P- BIO 160 and 160L or CSC 112 or STA 212 ; and an introductory statistics course such as STA 111, ANT 380, BIO 380, or PSY 311 .
BIO 384L. Molecular Evolution. (1 h)
Introduces evolutionary analytic methods and interpretation of molecular data through hardheaded tutorials. P or C- BIO 384 .
BIO 387. Computational Systems Biology. (3 h)
introduction of concepts and development of skills for comprehension of systems biota problems, including both biological and computational aspects. Topics may include genome-wide transcriptomic analysis, protein interaction networks, large-scale proteomics experiments, and computational approaches for model, store, and analyzing the resulting data sets. Emphasizes interdisciplinary interaction and communication. besides listed as CSC 387. P- CSC 201 or 221 ( besides requires BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L if taken as BIO 387 ) or POI .
BIO 388. Methods in Molecular Genetics. (4 h)
hybrid lecture/laboratory course gives students a hands-on introduction to a divers array of techniques normally used in molecular genetics laboratories. P- BIO 213 and 214, or BIO 150, 150L, 160, and BIO 160L .
BIO 390. Mentored Research. (2 h)
Introduces the technology and techniques of inquiry. Working under the supervision of a faculty penis or research staff, students will obtain experience in experimental design and analysis. The course may be taken as a harbinger to BIO 391. Satisfies the research requirement for the BA and BS degrees. Pass/Fail choice. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, 160L, and POI required .
BIO 391. Independent Research. (2 h)
Students participate in a inquiry project involving solicitation or analysis of data to investigate a specify research question. Students are required to submit a written newspaper or bill poster documenting research advance. The lapp total course can not be repeated. subsequent courses must be taken in consecutive orderliness. Satisfies the research necessity for the BA and BS degree. Pass/Fail option. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, 160L and POI required .
BIO 392. Independent Research. (2 h)
continuance of research beyond BIO 391. Students are required to submit a written paper or bill poster documenting research advancement. The like count run can not be repeated. Pass/Fail option. P- BIO 391 and POI required .
BIO 393. Research in Biology. (2 h)
good continuation of research beyond BIO 392. Students are required to submit a written paper or post horse documenting inquiry progress. The like number course can not be repeated. Pass/Fail option. P- BIO 392 and POI required .
BIO 394. Research in Biology. (2 h)

sequel of research beyond BIO 393. Students are required to submit a written wallpaper or poster documenting research advance. The lapp count run can not be repeated. Pass/Fail choice. P- BIO 393 and POI required .
BIO 399. Mentored Biology. (2 h)
Students explore career opportunities in biology-related fields or experiences. Students are required to submit a written paper or bill poster describing research internship or experience to their adviser. Plans must be approved in advance by the adviser. Course can be repeated for credit, but merely 4 full hours will count toward the BA BIO major. Does not count toward the BS BIO major or the BIO minor. Pass/Fail only. P- BIO 150, 150L, 160, 160L and POI required .

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