Public research university in Pisa, Italy
The University of Pisa ( italian : Università di Pisa, UniPi ), formally founded in 1343, [ 2 ] is one of the oldest and most esteemed universities both in Italy and in Europe .
history [edit ]
The Origins [edit ]
Palazzo della Sapienza ‘s court
Reading: University of Pisa – Wikipedia
The University of Pisa was officially founded in 1343, although versatile scholars place its origins in the eleventh hundred. It is certain, however, that from the middle of the twelfth century Pisa had a “ Universitas ” in the original sense of the word, that is, a group of students who gathered around masters. It was during this menstruation that Leonardo Fibonacci was born and worked. He was one of the greatest mathematicians in history who, through his study, synthesized the liveliness and processes of greek geometry and the tools of Arabic mathematics for the first time in Europe. The papal seal “ In Supremae dignitatis ”, issued by Pope Clement VI on 3rd September 1343, granted the Studium in Pisa the title of Studium Generale with respective exclusive privileges, making it universally recognised. In medieval times, the Studium Generale was a higher institute of education founded or confirmed by a universal joint authority, namely the papacy or the conglomerate. Pisa was among the first european cities to vaunt a papal attestation, followed by Prague in 1347 and Heidelberg in 1386. At the beginning in Pisa, lessons in Theology, Civil Law, Canon Law and Medicine were established. The first years of the fresh Studium were particularly unmanageable, although there is objective testify that shows persistent academician action with a slow recovery starting in 1355. The end of the fourteenth hundred and the beginning of the fifteenth hundred saw Pisa and its Studium head towards a slow death. The war, which had allowed the Florentines to conquer the city, was therefore socially and economically damage that it made preserving even the most essential academic activity impossible .
The Medicis and Galileo [edit ]
Galileo Galilei ‘s statue in the Aula Magna Storica of Palazzo della Sapienza During the beginning few days of November 1473, the Studium in Pisa began to develop systematically at the request of Lorenzo dei Medici. In 1486, the construction of a build up specifically for lessons was commissioned : the build, the future Palazzo della Sapienza, placid the kernel of the contemporary University, was placed in the thirteenth century Piazza del Grano, which could be reached through the gateway dell ’ Abbondanza. The image of the Cherub was placed above this gateway. In the christian custom, the Cherub represents an angelic being with a clearer vision of God, who in turn represents absolute cognition. Since then, the Cherub has become the iconographic symbol of the University of Pisa and, in more recent times, the ordering of the Cherub is awarded to members of the University teaching staff who have contributed to enhancing its prestige. In 1497, the Pisan institute suffered a new period of decline and was moved to Florence for nine years. The rise to the toilet of Duke Cosimo I dei Medici marked the beginning of a newfangled era. The ball reopen of the University on 1st November 1543 was, in fact, considered to be a second gear establish. With the 1545 Statute, Cosimo managed to raise the quality of the teaching, making the University of Pisa one of the most significant in Europe for both teach and research. The Duke established the Chair of Simples ( Semplici in Botany ) and appointed Luca Ghini : between 1543 and 1544 the Garden of Simples was founded. This was the first botanic garden in the populace annexed to a university Studium. A few decades by and by, the garden was moved to its present put a few twelve metres from Piazza dei Miracoli, covering an area of around three hectares with 6,000 cultivated plants and seeds exchanged with other 400 structures in the world. Ghini was succeeded by the philosopher and scientist Andrea Cesalpino, who created the first scientific method for the classification of plants and can be considered the harbinger of the discovery of the cardiovascular system. Cosimo I was still ruling when Galileo Galilei was born on 15th February 1564 in Pisa. Galileo Galilei is universally thought of as the founder of advanced science and the modern experimental method. He was initially a student and then a teacher of Mathematics at the University of Pisa before moving to Padova. It was in the city in Tuscany that he began the studies and experiments which were the basis of his revolutionary theories .
The firm of Lorraine [edit ]
The decline of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany ( Medici ), in the middle of the eighteenth century, saw the precipitation of the Studium in Pisa, which entirely picked up again with the Lorraine dynasty. It was thanks to these enlightened innovators and reformers that numerous works and the establishment of the new Chairs of Experimental Physics and Chemistry were created. The annexation of Tuscany to the Napoleonic Empire at the begin of the nineteenth hundred brought about the transformation of the Studium into an imperial academy : the University became a subsidiary company of the University of Paris, tied though it managed to retain a certain degree of autonomy. At that time, five faculties ( Theology, Law, Medicine, Science and Arts ), examination, different academic qualifications ( bachelor, chief and doctoral degrees ) and degree theses came into being. The Scuola Normale Superiore was established between 1810 and 1813. It started out as a subordinate of the École Normale in Paris and closed immediately to be reopened in 1846 with the inauguration of its present induct at Palazzo della Carovana in Piazza dei Cavalieri .
restoration and Risorgimento [edit ]
A see of the Exhibition on the hundred-and-seventieth anniversary of the Battle of Curtatone and Montanara The menstruation of the Restoration led to a reconsideration of the organization within the Studium, but not to the complete revocation of the Napoleonic feel. In 1826, lessons on Egyptology were introduced at the University of Pisa. This was a first in Europe and the global in general, leading to the renowned French-Tuscan expedition to Egypt between 1828 and 1829. In 1839, Pisa hosted the first congress of italian scientists, which saw the participation of over 400 scholars and 300 experts in the assorted branches of cognition from different states of the peninsula. It was during this period that the University was at the center of the reform called for by Provveditore Gaetano Giorgini, which saw the faculties increase in number to six ( Theology, Law, Arts, Medicine, Mathematics and Natural Sciences ) and for the inaugural fourth dimension in the global, the Chair of Agriculture and sheep-farming was created and entrusted to Cosimo Ridolfi. In the University and in the city, liberal and patriotic ideals were coming to the fore and these reached their flower when teachers and students formed a university battalion and joined the battle of Curtatone and Montanara in 1848. This was one of the most significant battles in the italian Risorgimento. A memorial brass in Palazzo della Sapienza commemorates the volunteers who “ died fighting for the reincarnation of Italy ”, while the italian flag used by the university battalion was honoured with the gold military decoration by the italian Republic in 1948 .
The kingdom of Italy [edit ]
With the creation of the Kingdom of Italy, the University of Pisa, which nowadays counted about 560 matriculate students, reappear with all the faculties then present in the regulations and was acknowledged through the university reform of 1862, as one of the six principal national universities together with Turin, Pavia, Bologna, Naples and Palermo. The consolidation and expansion of the University, above all in the years straddling the 1800s and the 1900s, had a lead impingement on the urban framework development of the city flush though the count of students increased alone reasonably ( 891 in 1912 ). The University gradually welcomed female students and in 1877, Ernestina Paper graduated in Medicine. She was the first womanhood to graduate from an italian university and was followed by Cornelia Fabri in Mathematics and Erminia Pittaluga in Arts. The reform called for by the minister Giovanni Gentile in 1923, further confirmed the University ’ s outstanding put at national level when it was placed among the ten-spot universities wholly funded by the express. Notwithstanding the draw a bead on to make Pisa a bang-up “ center of university fascist polish ” antifascist unrest was however alert, both in the academic community and among students. The application of racial laws, the first of which were signed by King Vittorio Emanuele III in 1938 at San Rossore, near Pisa, affected foreign and italian students and university teachers sternly, as was the case throughout Italy. It was not until 2018, in Pisa, 80 years after the touch, that there was an official and public admission of province on behalf of the italian universities ( on the University of Pisa ’ s own enterprise ) .
The Republic [edit ]
The Calcolatrice Elettronica Pisana ( CEP ), assembled in the Museum of Computing Machinery The physical and moral destruction caused by the second gear World War was soon get the best and the University of Pisa, whose matriculate students passed from 768 in 1945 to 1,292 in 1950, was able to lead the field in many areas of cognition, adapting to the raw demands of social, civil and economic life. The faculties of Economics and Business Studies ( 1948 ), and late Foreign Languages and Literature ( 1969 ) and political skill ( 1970 ) joined the faculties salute before the battle – engineer and Pharmacy – and accompanied the arrival of the university for the masses ( between 1961 and 1972 scholar numbers in Pisa went from around 9,000 to 27,000 ). At the originate of the sixties, the University of Pisa established the first italian Chair of Film History and Criticism. In 1969, the degree class in Computer Science ( Informatics ) was set up. It was the first in Italy and followed the creation of the Pisan Electronic Calculator ( CEP ), deigned in the mid-1950s and sponsored by Nobel Prize winner and graduate of the University of Pisa, Enrico Fermi, which was the basis for other firsts in Italy in its field. In 1986, for case, the first italian link to the Internet originated in Pisa. In 1967, the fusion of the preexistent colleges led to the creation of the Sant ’ Anna School of Advanced Studies and the Scuola Normale Superiore, forming a system of far education which is of the highest prestige at international level. besides in 1967, during a period of protests, the “ Tesi della Sapienza ”, one of the milestones of the 1968 scholar movement in Italy, were compiled in Pisa. This phase of the unrest was particularly animated in the city with some dramatic moments. From the end of the 1970s, the University ’ randomness Natural History Museum moved to the enchanting fourteenth century Charterhouse of Calci, a build of invaluable historic and architectural worth. The museum houses numerous rooms dedicated to fauna, minerology and paleontology arsenic well as Italy ’ sulfur largest fresh water aquarium and Whale veranda with more than thirty giant skeletons exhibited in an ancient portico .
UniPi today [edit ]
Humanoid automaton of the Research Center “ E.Piaggio ” posing near the Tower of Pisa during the european Researchers ‘ Night, 2015 The Ruberti reform of 1989, which envisaged the statutory autonomy of universities, forced the University to approve a newly Statute, whose overall structure was only called into wonder with the alleged “ Gelmini reform ” in 2010. This led to the adoption of the 2012 Statute and the organizational layout which excluded the 11 Faculties in favor of 20 Departments.
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At introduce, the University is divided into 20 Departments, with around 150 beginning and second degree degree courses, and single cycle degree courses, more than 20 doctoral courses, 50 schools of specialization and more than 60 graduate courses. There are more than 1,500 members of teaching staff and a slenderly higher number of administrative personnel, technicians, foreign language assistants and librarians. There are around 50,000 students enrolled, and in a city with a population of approximately 90,000 inhabitants, this makes Pisa a on-key city campus. The students come chiefly from Tuscany and Liguria, with a significant inhalation from many other regions, above all from the south of Italy. A ample number of the students are besides foreign, contributing to the open, alert, multicultural nature of the city. Thanks to the traditions and high quality of studies, the career for research and invention, the presence of a arrangement formed by the Scuola Normale Superiore, the Sant ’ Anna School of Advanced Studies and significant inquiry centres, the University of Pisa boasts an excellent reputation both in Italy and in Europe, as can be seen in the respective external rankings which place it among the best universities in the worldly concern and at the clear in Italy. Among the many graduates of the University of Pisa are the Nobel Prize winners Giosuè Carducci, Enrico Fermi and Carlo Rubbia, holders of the Field Medal for Mathematics, Enrico Bombieri and Alessio Figalli, Presidents of the Republic, Giovanni Gronchi and Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, film directors Mario Monicelli and Paolo and Vittorio Taviani and writers Tiziano Terzani and Antonio Tabucchi. Pisa ’ s most celebrated graduate in the world today is the tenor Andrea Bocelli .
Organization and presidency [edit ]
The “ Polo Fibonacci ” The University of Pisa consists of 20 departments. These departments offers several courses in their refer field of discipline :
PhD studies are normally offered and arranged by the departments. The lectures are largely given in italian, except for a number of courses at the faculty of alien languages and literature, some scientific programmes, such as the international MSc in aerospace engineering ( EuMAS ), Master in Business Informatics, the victor of Science in Space Engineering [ 3 ] and the dominate in Computer Science and Networking, [ 4 ] jointly offered with Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna. Students besides have at their disposal a terminology center, where they can attend courses in foreign languages, a sports center ( Cus Pisa ) that arranges for many sports intramural leagues and allows sports practice in about all the disciplines available in Italy, and six university refectories ( Mense universitarie ). The University of Pisa is not organized in the imprint of one unique campus, but rather its many buildings are scattered throughout the hale Pisa area, particularly in the city center .
Libraries [edit ]
The English Studies Library The University Library System ( italian : Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo, SBA ) consists of 15 libraries and the General Archive of the University .
Museums [edit ]
A watch of the Botanic Garden The “ Museums of University of Pisa ” ( italian : Sistema Museale d’Ateneo, SMA ) is a network of nine structures in summation to the Natural History Museum which is located in Calci, a few kilometers from Pisa .
Rankings [edit ]
noteworthy people [edit ]
Alumni [edit ]
noteworthy people who have attended the University of Pisa include : In politics and government:
In other fields:
noteworthy people who have attended the University of Pisa include :
staff and staff [edit ]
outstanding scholars who have taught at the University of Pisa include : In science:
In other fields:
In popular culture [edit ]
The University of Pisa is mentioned in the movie Don Juan ( 1926 ). The central character in the television series My Brilliant Friend ( based on the novel by Elena Ferrante ) attends and graduated from the university .
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
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