toko – Wiktionary

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch toko (“Southeast Asian grocery store”), from Indonesian Malay toko (“shop”), from Min Nan 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Noun[edit]

toko (plural tokos)

  1. A shop in the Netherlands selling mainly Asian food products, and generally Asian- or Indo-European-owned.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun

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[edit]

toko (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete, British slangBritish slang) toco (“corporal punishment”)Alternative spelling of
    • 1892, The ‘Arry Ballads‎[1], verse 1, line 4, page 58:Milliken, Edwin James, “On Law and Order”, in, verse 1, line 4, page 58:

      When a reglar Primroser gits toko, one wonders wot next there will come.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Indonesian Malay toko (“shop”), from Min Nan 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): / ˈtoːkoː /
  • Hyphenation: to ‧ ko

Noun[edit]

toko m (plural toko’s, diminutive tokootje n)

  1. (historical, referring to Indonesiareferring to Indonesia) a Dutch, otherwise European or Chinese shop
    • 1879 May 26, W. F. van Erp, “Een toko van keurige provisien.” (advertisement), De locomotief. Samarangsch handels- en advertentie-blad, vol. 28, issue 120, page 4.

      Een TOKO van puike DRANKEN.
      Een TOKO om fraaie CADEAUTJES te koopen
      Een TOKO om sterke, mooie IJzeren LEDIKANTEN met toebehooren te koopen.
      Een TOKO van alle soorten BANKET en SUIKERWERK. […]

      A shop for excellent DRINKS.
      A shop where you can buy beautiful GIFTS
      A shop where you can buy strong, beautiful IRON COTS with accessories.
      A shop for all types of BANQUET and SWEETS.

  2. (Netherlands) a grocery store or supermarket specializing in Southeast Asian (especially Indonesian or Chinese Indonesian) products, which are mostly food items
    • 2007, Peter Gordon, Groente – opnieuw ontdekt, tr. by Aniek Njiokiktjien, Inmerc, 8.
      Struin maar eens over een boerenmarkt om te zien wat er plaatselijk allemaal geteeld en verkocht wordt, of ga naar de dichtstbijzijnde toko of naar een ruim gesorteerde supermarkt om te zien welke onbekende ingrediënten er gewoon bij je om de hoek te koop zijn.
  3. (colloquial, Netherlands) shop, store, stand
    • 2015, Anna Nooshin, On Top, Unieboek | Het Sprectrum.
      Opende de toko, sloot de toko, ik wóónde praktisch in die toko.

      Opened the store, closed the store, I practically lived in that store.
    handelkraamwinkel
  4. (colloquial, Netherlands) any company or business
    • 2010, Aefke ten Hagen, In naam van mijn vader, Mistral/FMB Uitgevers.

      ‘Peter!’ doet Wouter enthousiast. ‘Goed om jou hier te treffen!’
      ‘Tja,’ lacht Peter. ‘Het is mijn toko.’

      ‘Peter!’ says Wouter with enthusiasm. ‘Good to see you here!’
      ‘Well,’ Peter laughs. ‘It is my business.’

    • 2013 March, Chris Broesder, “Games ontwikkelen voor Nintendo en Sony wordt makkelijker”, Personal Computer Magazine.
      De andere Japanse games-toko, Nintendo genaamd, zegt ook een beter ontwikkelklimaat te willen voor indie-ontwikkelaars.

      The other Japanese games company, called Nintendo, says it also wants a better development environment for indie developers.
    • 2015, Daniël Meyer, De man van Venus, Futuro.
      Ga eens naar de balansen, kijken we wat die toko waard is.

      Go check the balances, then we’ll see what the value of that business is.
    bedrijfhandelzaak

Descendants[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of tottelevaisuuskoe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. obedience trial (dog sport)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of toko (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative

toko

tokot
genitive tokon tokojen
partitive tokoa tokoja
illative tokoon tokoihin
singular plural
nominative

toko

tokot
accusative nom.

toko

tokot
gen. tokon
genitive tokon tokojen
partitive tokoa tokoja
inessive tokossa tokoissa
elative tokosta tokoista
illative tokoon tokoihin
adessive tokolla tokoilla
ablative tokolta tokoilta
allative tokolle tokoille
essive tokona tokoina
translative tokoksi tokoiksi
instructive tokoin
abessive tokotta tokoitta
comitative tokoineen
Possessive forms of toko (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person tokoni tokomme
2nd person tokosi tokonne
3rd person tokonsa

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hopi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

( This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. )

Noun[edit]

toko

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Chinese Hokkien 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Noun[edit]

toko (first-person possessive tokoku, second-person possessive tokomu, third-person possessive tokonya)

  1. shop; store

    toko buku

    bookshop

    toko kelontong

    convenience store

    toko serba ada

    department store

    • 2008 [10 July 1997], Yang datang telanjang: Surat-surat Ajip Rosidi dari Jepang, 1980-2002 [That came naked: Letters of Ajip Rosidi from Japan, 1980-2002] (non-fiction), Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia, →ISBN, Kepada Lazuardi Anwar, page 574:[ 10 July 1997 ], Ajip Rosidi ] ( non-fiction ), Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia ,

      Walaupun kalau saya berkunjung ke tanahair, selalu menyempatkan diri ke toko buku. Tapi banyak buku yang diterbitkan apalagi kalau karya sastera‒tak sampai ke toko buku. Saya sering dengar bahwa toko buku kita umumnya tidak mau memberi tempat buat buku sastera. Tentu karena minat masyarakat terhadap sastera kecil sekali.

      Even when I visited my homeland, I often take my time to go to bookshops. However, many books that are published, especially those that are literary works‒do not reach the bookshops. I often hear that our bookshops generally do not want to give space for literature books. Surely because community interest towards literature is very small.

    • 2018 July 10, “Masyarakat Diajak Buka Toko Virtual [Community Invited to Set Up Virtual Shops]”, in Suara Merdeka‎[2], archived from July 10, “ Masyarakat Diajak BukaVirtual [ Community Invited to Set Up Virtual ] ”, in, archived from the original on :

      Alfamart melalui program Alfamind mengajak masyarakat untuk menjadi wirausaha dengan membuka toko secara virtual. Melalui aplikasi ini, siapa pun bisa saja menjadi pemilik toko hanya dengan berjualan melalui aplikasi smartphone.

      Alfamart, through the Alfamind program, invites the community to become entrepreneurs by setting up shops virtually. Through this application, anyone can also become a shop owner just by selling through a smartphone application.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Affixed terms and other derivations

Regular affixed derivations:

  • bertoko[stative / habitual] (beR-)
  • pertokoan[causative passive + resultative / locative / collective / variety / verbal noun / fruit] (peR- + -an)

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sundanese [ Term ? ] .

Noun[edit]

toko (first-person possessive tokoku, second-person possessive tokomu, third-person possessive tokonya)

Further reading[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

toko

  1. とこRōmaji transcription of

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

toko

  1. ꦠꦺꦴꦏꦺꦴRomanization of

Laboya[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko

References[edit]

  • Allahverdi Verdizade (2019), “toko”, in Lamboya word list, Leiden: LexiRumah

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Min Nan 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko (Jawi spelling توکو‎, plural tokotoko, informal 1st possessive tokoku, impolite 2nd possessive tokomu, 3rd possessive tokonya)

  1. (uncommon) retailer; shop selling retail merchandise
    • 2018 February 22, Pg Fairol RMF, “Pesta Buku Brunei 27 Feb ini [Brunei Book Festival on 27th Feb]”, in Media Permata‎[3], archived from February 22, Pg Fairol RMF, “ Pesta Buku Brunei 27 Feb ini [ Brunei Book Festival on 27 th Feb ] ”, in, archived from the original on :

      Dalam sidang media di Balai Laila Muafakat, DBP, petang tadi, Pemangku Pengarah DBP, Hajah Sariani binti Haji Ishak selaku Pengerusi PBB dan KMBM menjelaskan, sebanyak 78 petak disediakan semasa pesta dan karnival berkenaan yang akan disertai oleh DBP, penerbit-penerbit buku kerajaan dan swasta serta toko buku dari dalam dan luar negara.

      In a press conference at Balai Laila Muafakat, DBP (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka), in the afternoon, DBP Acting Director, Hajah Sariani binti Haji Ishak, who is the chairperson of PBB (Pesta Buku Brunei) and KMBM (Karnival Memperkasa Budaya Membaca), explained that as many as 78 lots were available during the book festival and carnival which will be participated by DBP, government and private book publishers, as well as book retailers from within and outside the country.

Derived terms[edit]

Affixed terms and other derivations

Regular affixed derivations:

  • bertoko[stative / habitual] (beR-)

Hypernyms[edit]

  • kedai(“shop ; store”)

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • warung
  • gerai(“store”)
  • butik
  • pasar
  • kios
  • peruncitan
  • pemborong

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

toko

  1. (obsolete) past tense takaplural of
    • 1647, “LAnte oster Kraakelund”, in Den fyrste morgonblånen, Oslo: Novus, published 1990, page 39:

      Dei toko mæ qvaet dei finge

      They brought what they got

Tetum[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Indonesian toko (“shop”), from Min Nan 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

toko

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Indonesian toko, from Min Nan 土庫/土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. a store

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Source: https://tmsquynhon.com.vn
Category: CRYPTO

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