“ It was very authoritative to consider the agency, the determine, the writing over the future that others have and, in particular, to pay attention to the political orientation and the emotions and the aspirations that drive and constrain the other, specially rivals, adversaries and enemies, ” he said .
Dr. McMaster was speaking as part of the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs ’ Leadership, Ethics and Practice Initiative series in which students learn from the leadership and the ethical challenges faced by international affairs leaders. The virtual event was sponsored by the Elliott School ’ s Security Policy Studies ( SPS ) and Master in International Policy Practice programs and the GW Office of Veterans Affairs .
Moderator Ethan Trucker, a graduate scholar in the SPS course of study, introduced the put out general by noting that he was the 26th adjunct to the president of the united states for International Security Affairs and served as a accredited military officer in the Army for 34 years before retiring at the absolute of lieutenant general in June 2018. A historian, Dr. McMaster is the author of the award-winning ledger, “ Dereliction of Duty : Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Lies That Led to Vietnam, ” and a more recent book, “ Battlegrounds : The Fight to Defend the Free World. ”
Mr. Trucker asked Dr. McMaster to discuss “ strategic empathy ” in the context of President Trump ’ s travel to China in 2017. The general responded by describing the process he put in place to prepare the National Security Council staff and the president of the united states ’ s alien policy foreman advisers by holding modest group-framing sessions in club “ to lay a potent foundation for a China policy. ”
He said former administrations had assumed that China, once welcomed into the international order, would liberalize its economy and government but that didn ’ triiodothyronine happen, as the area continued to engage in “ economic aggression, industrial espionage and a political campaign of slow genocide in Xinjiang, repression in Hong Kong, threats to Taiwan and the domain grab in the South China Sea. ”
“ We concluded that the Chinese Party leadership was driven chiefly by reverence, ” he said, “ fear of losing its exclusive grip on office internally and aspiration — an ambition to take center stage in the world, to use Xi Jinping ’ mho lyric … and create exclusionary areas of primacy across the Indo Pacific region. ”
Dr. McMaster said his approach path to the job of national security adviser grew out of his hope to avoid the mistake of President Lyndon Johnson ’ south administration, which rushed into the Vietnam War without distinctly defined goals and objectives.
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He listed his five main tasks home security adviser as :
- preparing the president to engage on foreign policy and with foreign leaders relying on advice across departments and agencies;
- developing a process that provides multiple options to the president;
- communicating the decision the president ultimately makes to the appropriate people in the United States and abroad;
- maintaining a unity of effort with international partners;
- leading the national security council staff with “purpose, motivation and direction.”
Under Mr. Trump, Dr. McMaster said, he tried to serve the Constitution, to offer the president options in making decisions and “ to be at peace with the fact that I was n’t going to death besides long. ”
much of the good afternoon ’ s discussion focused on the challenges faced primarily from China but besides Iran, a country that Dr. McMaster said he would advise President Joe Biden and european allies to maintain imperativeness tactics against to persuade the Iranians to stop supporting terrorist activities across the greater Middle East .
During the question and answer school term, Lee Woolley, a alumnus scholar in the Master of International Practice and Policy and Security Policy Studies programs who sits on the board of the Foreign Policy Research Institute along with Dr. McMaster, asked whether the United States would be more effective in dealing with China and Russia if it formed an alliance with early liberal democracies preferably than maintain its hegemonic status.
Dr. McMaster objected to the premise. “ The United States is not a ball-shaped hegemon, right now, ” he said .
He said that interpretation of history comes from “ a newfangled forget ” or “ a alleged realist school ” that fails to recognize the good the United States has done since World War II in prevailing against communist absolutism. such think, he said, has led to a retrenchment and disengagement from complex contest abroad that is “ regrettable. ”
Dr. McMaster said the moral of 9/11 angstrom well as the more late ball-shaped COVID-19 pandemic is that “ problems that develop abroad and grow unconstrained and unbridled can only be dealt with at an exorbitant price once they reach our shores. ”