Building the Infrastructure | Crown Family School of Social Work, Policy, and Practice

Published in the fall 2009 publish of SSA Magazine

As Korean society modernizes, social work finds its place and social work education continues to grow.

-By Ed Finkel South Korea has been transformed in the past half hundred. A area that had regained its independence after WWII and then suffered through the Korean War now has the 14th largest economy in the populace. The korean economy ‘s size as measured by GDP has risen from $ 2.3 billion in 1962 to $ 264 billion in 1990 to $ 970 billion in 2007. annual income in South Korea has gone from barely over one hundred dollars per caput in the early 1960s to more than $ 24,000 in 2007. But with this increase have come social dislocations. “ While absolute poverty has decreased over time, increase in inequality is a social trouble, ” says Jae Yop Kim, dean of the School of Social Welfare at Yonsei University, the oldest university in Korea. “ [ We besides have ] changes in family structure from large families to nuclear families, increase in divorce, more make mothers, and urbanization with weakened community ties. ”

A half-century ago, social benefit spend from international social social welfare agencies outpaced that of the south korean government. however, the state ‘s reply to social changes has grown as the state has developed. korean sociable social welfare spend has increased from 5 percentage of GDP in 1990 to 10 percentage today, shooting up particularly under the administration of Roh Moo-hyun, who served as president of the united states from 2003-08, says Bong Joo Lee, a professor of sociable social welfare at Seoul National University. Like Kim, Lee is a graduate of SSA ‘s doctoral program, separate of a significant clique of SSA alumni in South Korea. As the profession of social solve grows in South Korea to respond to the needs of a change, industrial society, the educational infrastructure to support the field of social exercise is besides being built. american english social oeuvre university programs like SSA are partnering with confederacy korean universities in creating a system that has the asperity, capacity and cultural relevance to serve South Korea ‘s increasing indigence for social wellbeing programs. EVERY SOCIETY HAS ITS PROBLEMS. Before its rapid development, Koreans dealt with issues like poverty, inadequate nutrition and the need to improve education. In an article published in the April 6, 2009 issue of Research on Social Work Practice, Yojin Kim, a post-doctoral research worker at Yonsei ( and besides a ph from SSA ) and her coauthors detail how South Korea ‘s fast economic growth has created a raw set of issues, including integrating immigrant labor movement ( more than 400,000 workers in the nation today are from outside of Korea, about half of them illegal ), more multicultural families, a burgeoning aged population, unemployment and the fiscal instability of the national pension system. “ As Korea made hearty economic achievements, people started to pay more care to quality of life, a well as helping those who are disadvantaged, ” says SSA Assistant Professor Jung-Hwa Ha, who emigrated from Korea in 1999 to begin her graduate education in the U.S. “ With such changes in perspective, social workers started to play an authoritative function. ” In the last 40 years, there has been a firm, firm growth in the playing field of social work education in Korea. For case, Yonsei University ‘s social ferment school, one of the crown in the area, began with an academically oriented social work department for undergraduates in 1981, with a graduate program coming two years by and by. In 2001, Yonsei opened the first U.S. style school of sociable benefit in Korea, and now has about 120 students working toward a B.A., another 120 headmaster ‘s students, including those taking evening classes, and 40 doctoral students. There are now more than 369 university-based social work programs training students in South Korea, according to the Korean Academy of Social Welfare, with more than 45,000 new social workers licensed in 2007 under a system that began in the 1980s. Bong Joo Lee estimates there are 200,000 accredited social workers in the state ; Jae Yop Kim thinks it might be closer to 320,000, which he says puts Korea behind entirely the U.S. in the world for the total number of social workers. Yojin Kim ‘s composition notes that the course of study at these schools have been strongly affected by U.S. social solve education programs, particularly since many initiate korean staff were trained in the United States. “ They learned about how social workers in the states take worry of marginalize people in company, ” says Youseung Kim, presently a Ph.D. scholar at SSA. “ Those professors went back to Korea, and they thought, ‘If we had that kind of mugwump school of social study, we could train and educate more professionalize social workers to take care of those people. ‘ rapid economic emergence does not solve every problem in club. ” Lee estimates that about 20 SSA Ph.D.s oeuvre in the social wellbeing education in Korea and says they ‘ve played a significant function in developing sociable social welfare theories and practices in the country. “ I think that the strong custom of interdisciplinary study at SSA greatly affected my inquiry and teaching, ” he says. “ besides, the hands-on research experiences I gained through working as a research adjunct during my Ph.D. program has been an asset for my research career. ” At the School of Social Welfare at Yonsei, Jae Yop Kim says three of his 20 faculty members are SSA graduates. “ We are gallant of them taking a run role in the field of social work in Korea and Asia, specially in the universities, ” he says. SSA ‘s ROLE AS A RESOURCE is not limited to having korean students return to their country with an SSA education. A decade ago, for model, in a joint campaign with the university ‘s Center for East asian Studies, the School was working on an international program in advance clinical social cultivate for korean social workers. The 10-day summer plan, funded through the Samsung Welfare Foundation, was designed to serve about 15 practitioners per year. unfortunately, financing was cut before the broadcast launched, due to the asian economic crisis. Since that time, SSA graduates have returned to the School, and faculty from SSA have besides visited Korea. Five years ago, SSA ‘s dean and George Herbert Jones Distinguished Service Professor Jeanne C. Marsh visited populace agencies such as the Korean Hospital Social Workers Association, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as staff from Yonsei and Seoul National universities, where she talked about empirically based commit and build up academic infrastructure on the clinical side. “ We talked about how we might collaborate and how we can learn from another, ” she says.

SSA Associate Professor Yoonsun Choi traveled to South Korea last summer to visit respective universities, including Catholic University, Seoul National, Yonsei University and Ewha Womans University, which has besides recently started a graduate school of social work. Her lectures on the benefits of multiculturalism and her research on multiracial identity are an exercise of the opportunities and the limits of importing U.S. models. “ [ The U.S. ] is a area of immigration, and we ‘ve done a lot of hypothesis building and interposition build around thos
e issues, ” Choi says. “ Korea has been more homogeneous. But in late years, as migrant workers and extraneous brides have come to the country, they ‘ve had a huge increase in the multi-racial population and in multicultural families. And at the lapp time, those born outside the state are filling jobs that native Koreans do n’t want, but they ‘re not always treated fairly. ” While in Korea, Choi spoke about how the U.S. experience can serve as a shortcut to avoid mistakes we ‘ve discovered around these issues, such as the negative consequences of imposing a mainstream identity ( i.e., “ Korean-only ” ) on multicultural children. But she is keenly mindful that with different economic, social and cultural context, the area ‘s social workers ca n’t precisely replicate what ‘s been created in the U.S. “ The social social welfare system is different, policies are unlike, the way it ‘s implemented is unlike, everything at the macro level is different, ” Choi says. “ Plus, they ‘re not starting from ground zero. When we work with them, we want to respond to the complexity and the interconnections. ” And at the micro charge, social intervention models in the field and contents for course of study in the classroom might not translate perfectly, either. “ cross-cultural studies inform not lone our treatment practices but strengthen our understand of hypothesis, ” Choi says. “ The direct application of each early ‘s model might or might not work, but placid, there ‘s much we can learn. ” WHILE THE ACADEMIC INFRASTRUCTURE to support South Korea ‘s burgeoning social study playing field has grown enormously in the past 30 years, there still is board for growth. Yonsei is considering how to build a global education net that could partner with oversea partners, for exercise. Choi notes that social sour education in Korea is by and large at the undergraduate charge, as a social skill discipline. And of the 11 peer-reviewed journals that are korean citation index and entirely social work-oriented, the majority are little and print unfunded studies. “ Less than 2 percentage of the research articles are related to effectiveness studies on what works, under what circumstances, and for whom, ” according to Yojin Kim ‘s Research on Social Work Practice article. “ furthermore, in terms of writing, little participation by practitioners in writing publications and a lack of collaboration between scholars and field practitioners were identified. ” SSA ‘s experience in the country is a rich resource for continue collaboration to develop Korea ‘s academic social solve infrastructure. Jung- Hwa Ha cites many opportunities for the School to provide insight, including theory-based interventions, development of programs for underserved city-dwellers, effective coordination of plain education, and collaborative knead with other professions. “ One of the things we ‘re trying to do there is to strengthen a sic of institutional relationships with peers—faculty exchanges around teaching and research and scholar exchanges, a well, ” says SSA Associate Professor Robert Chaskin, who leads the school ‘s international efforts. “ We ‘re thinking about what contribution we might offer to international social work students at the chief ‘s flush, angstrom good as forums for research exchanges. ” The school ‘s Strategic Initiatives Committee last year put forth a memo outlining a more formalized social organization for an international course of study at SSA, including a structure course of study that would include external field placements and study abroad opportunities, a well as an international visit staff broadcast that will enable scholars to spend three to six months at the School. SSA is besides watching with interest as the University of Chicago develops centers for education and research in China and, in the near future, India.

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SSA has been involved with social employment education in India in the past as well, and the parallels and differences with the U.S. provide another bewitching opportunity for the School. While India has a different culture and history, both countries are large democracies with a luminary share of the population survive in poverty, large government bureaucracies and a growing NGO sector involved in sociable social welfare provision. “ It ‘s a very diverse rate, with rural and urban populations, and complex dynamics of religion, classify and caste. And the country is undergo rapid change, ” says Chaskin. “ It ‘s very matter to to compare to the U.S. ” Choi mentions early asian nations in which the challenges facing social workers have changed in holocene decades, arsenic well : China ‘s wraparound government safety net has frayed, Vietnam ‘s economy has begun to emerge and grow in a exchangeable means to Korea ‘s, Japan ‘s aging population has strained its sociable safety set and created the necessitate to import workers as Korea has, creating exchangeable multicultural challenges. “ This international enterprise is, in many ways, a apogee of interactions that the school has had in Korea and other countries around the world, ” Marsh says. “ The School has constantly had a hard external range. In the last few years, we have developed a more coherent fixed of steps in terms of what we want to do. ”

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