Pasto, officially San Juan de Pasto ( spanish pronunciation : [ saŋ ˈxwan de ˈpasto ] ; “ Saint John of Pasto ” ), is the capital of the department of Nariño, in southerly Colombia. The city has approximately 392,930 inhabitants and is located in the Atriz Valley on the Andes cordillera, at the foot of the Galeras volcano .
history [edit ]
The etiology of the word Pasto can be traced to the autochthonal people who inhabited the region at the arrival of the spanish conquerors, the Pastos. however, the Atriz Valley was inhabited by the Quillacingas.
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Pasto was founded in 1537 by the spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar. In 1539 Lorenzo de Aldana, besides a spanish conquistador, moved the city to its current location, and established it under the name “ San Juan de Pasto ”. A major subscriber to the economy and expansion of Pasto was a man of italian lineage named Guido Bucheli. [ citation needed ] Pasto has been an administrative, cultural and religious focus on of the region since colonial times. Because of this, the city is known as the theological city of Colombia. [ citation needed ] During the Independence Wars against Spain Pasto was a cavalier city. partially due to this political stance, and because of its geographic placement, after independence, Pasto remained disjunct for a long time from the rest of Colombia .
geography [edit ]
Most of the city lies between 2,520 metres ( 8,270 foot ) and 2,700 metres ( 8,900 foot ) elevation above sea level, while some settlement exceeds 3,000 metres ( 9,800 foot ) on the flanks of the Galeras Volcano, which stands at 4,276 metres ( 14,029 foot ) .
overview of Pasto, from the north of the city .
climate [edit ]
Under the Köppen climate classification, Pasto features an unusual altitude-influenced warm-summer Mediterranean climate ( Köppen climate classification Csb ) that tends to possess the wet season of the southerly hemisphere, for example the part of Quito that is south of the equator. Pasto has relatively coherent temperatures throughout the course of the year. Despite the fact that the city is located close up to the equator, due to its high elevation, Pasto ‘s average eminent temperatures typically range only between 15 and 18 °C ( 59.0 and 64.4 °F ) while average low temperatures are normally between 9 and 11 °C ( 48.2 and 51.8 °F ). Pasto averages roughly 800 millimetres or 31 inches of rain per annum .
economy [edit ]
In the municipality, 11.1 % of establishments are dedicated to industry ; 56.0 % to trade ; 28.9 % to services and 4.1 % to other activities. In urban areas, the chief economic activities are trade and service industries, a well as some little businesses, about half of which are craft manufacture. The larger companies in Nariño are located in Pasto and are largely involved with food, beverages and furniture production. For the growth of deal, chiefly with the adjacent state of Ecuador, there are respective denounce centers. The Pasto Chamber of Commerce was established in 1918 and according to the 2008 yearbook had 14,066 commercial establishments of which 58.5 % were engaged in barter and repair of vehicles. In the rural areas, there is predominantly farming and cattle ranching, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a small-scale mining industry. [ 6 ]
infrastructure [edit ]
Panoramic, Galeras Volcano at sunset from the main square .
Water and sanitation [edit ]
By means of the Pasto Sanitation Company, the urban area has a 93 % provision of water and sanitation. In the rural area, 74 % have mains water and 33 % have plumbed sanitation .
Land entree [edit ]
The Pan-American Highway connects Pasto by bring with the city of Popayán northwards and with Ipiales southbound, 78 km aside on the surround with the Republic of Ecuador. The distance from Pasto to the capital of the republic, Bogotá, on the Pan-American Highway is 798 kilometer with a travel time of about 18 hours. To the west, the city is connected to the port of Tumaco on the Pacific slide, by a pave road of 284 km, and to the east with Mocoa in Putumayo department with a road of about 145 km. For national intercity land transport, there is a concluding used by the chief transport operating companies and which is used by approximately two million passengers a year .
Air access [edit ]
Antonio Nariño Airport is 35 kilometer from the city, in the nearby town of Chachagüí, it provides domestic air connections offered by colombian airline Avianca .
Telecommunications [edit ]
Telephone and internet: respective companies like Telmex, Movistar, Virgin Mobile, Claro, Tigo, Avantel, and UNE-Orbitel provide telecommunication service in Pasto by means of Mobile phones, all companies providing UMTS cover and HSDPA. Broad band internet joining and mundane telephones are besides provided. Radio broadcasting: Within the city there are diverse FM radio broadcasting companies such as Radio University of Nariño, National Police Radio, community radio and commercial radio stations with high musical subject. There are besides some AM stations available of which the oldest is Radio Nariño ( founded in 1937 ) and Radio Pasto Echos, ( 1941 ). Television : In Pasto, there is wax entree to all the national television stations such as Channel 1 ( Canal Uno ), Station Institutional, ( Señal Institucional ) and Station Columbia ( Señal Colombia ). In addition, there are regional programmes like Telepacífico and TelePasto. There are besides local private stations like Nariño TV, television Telmex, and CNC Global television. and national secret stations such as RCN Televisión y Caracol Televisión, and last there are subscription stations through companies like Telmex, Movistar, Global television, and DirecTV .
Health [edit ]
The majority of the institutions that make up the health network of Nariño department are located in Pasto. These comprise 6 hospitals and 4 clinics for levels of care 2 and 3. For levels of attention 1 there are 7 health centres and 2 health stations. In entire these provide 1332 hospital beds to meet the requirement of internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics, and basic psychiatric avail. In the city, public institutions are organized into four networks for the pitch of their services. The northern network is coordinated by the Civil Hospital including three health posts and a center. The southern net, coordinated by the Health Center of the Rose includes three health posts, a center, and a mobile unit. The southeast network, coordinated by the Lorenzo de Aldana Health Center includes five health posts and a center. The west network coordinated by the Tamsagra Health Center includes five health centers and the Center for Zoonoses. [ 7 ]
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The main hospitals are :
- University Hospital Department of Nariño HUDN
- Clinic Our Lady of Fatima
- St. Peter’s Hospital Foundation
- Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
- Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mental Hospital (women’s mental health)
- San Rafael de Pasto Hospital (male mental health)
- Civil Hospital
education [edit ]
There are respective universities with students from Pasto and from other cities in Nariño, some of them are :
- University of Nariño
- Universidad Mariana
- Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia
- Fundación Universitaria San Martin 
- Institución Universitaria Cesmag
- Universidad Antonio Nariño
- Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia – UNAD
- Escuela Superior de Administración Pública – ESAP
- Corporación Universitaria Autónoma de Nariño 
carnival and arts [edit ]
One of the most authoritative events held by the city is the Blacks and Whites ‘ Carnival ( Carnaval de Negros y Blancos in Spanish ), with outstanding displays of craft in floats portraying legends and traditions, much blend in with references to current political events in Colombia. During the circus, the city goes angry and unleashes all the rejoice it has bottled up all year. It is not advisable to wear courteous clothes during this festival, as during these celebrations people have fun painting each other ‘s faces with cosmetic colors ( skin safe and created for this special purpose ) and throwing talcum powder and party foam. The carnival takes place between January 2 and 7 each class. A specialization of this region is a pre-columbian art technique called Barniz de Pasto, or Pasto Varnish in English. This uses a type of natural rubber ( extracted from a tree called mopa-mopa ) which is colored and then stretched over carpentry pieces ; finally, the adept craftsman uses a extra tongue to cut and create the many beautiful designs that characterize this artistic proficiency .
tourism [edit ]
La Cocha is a lake in the Andes mountains, in the South of Colombia. It is 2.800 meters over the sea level. The main attraction in the town of Pasto is Lake Guamuez or La Cocha lake, located 27 kilometers from the city, 45 minutes by road, and 2800 meters over the sea level. On the locate, you can enjoy the scenery, food ( specially rainbow trout ), fishing and boating. In the middle of the lake, there is the Island of La Corota, a National Forest Sanctuary. For lovers of cultural tourism, in accession to its museums mentioned above, the city offers visitors a wealth of churches among which stands out the church of San Juan Bautista of the eighteenth hundred, the cathedral, the church of Our lady of Mercy, the church of San Felipe, the church of San Sebastián or “ the Bakery ”, Temple of Christ the King, St. James, and the church of St. Augustine. For ecotourism, there is the Chimayoy Environmental Center, meaning in Quillacinga “ go to meet with the sun. ” Located 4 kilometer on the road between San Juan de Pasto in Colombia ‘s inside is a space provided for department of education, tourism and environmental research, and ecological conservation, has long nature trails and diverse activities that seek methodologically consolidation of individuals and the community with the environment, promoting and strengthening ecological projects .
gastronomy [edit ]
Women preparing typical local anesthetic food : roast wop hog, boiled chicken, boiled potatoes, toasted gamboge, pork barrel crepitate, suckling hog and maize pasties. The dishes that most represent the gastronomy of Pasto are the products of mix cultures, the formula of the land ‘s richness and the intemperate shape of the people. The most typical is grilled or roasted guinea bull ( locally called ‘cuy ‘ ). On January 7, they celebrate the festival of the guinea fowl hog in the nearby greenwich village of Catambuco as the apogee of the “ Blacks and Whites Carnival ”. Among the typical outstanding desserts are : “ bucket ice-cream ”, made in a bull bucket cooled with broken ice ; ‘chilacuán ‘, a dessert made with batch papaya ; and dough-based pastries, of which ‘quimbolitos ‘ and fill pasties ( empanadas de añejo ) are the best known. Some of the distinctive drinks are made of lulo, mora, and love fruit. These make the base of a drink that may be strengthened by a local anesthetic liquor called chapil or aguardiente .
Sports [edit ]
Fans watching a Pasto game at Estadio Libertad The city has developed an extensive sports culture, both amateur and competitive. football is one of the main sports practiced in the city since November 1909 when Leslie Osmond Spain, a british citizen who was visiting the sphere for commercial purposes, organised a football match in a makeshift court in the Barrio of San Andrés, and formed the first gear football team three months into his stay. [ 10 ] The city is home to Deportivo Pasto, a team founded in 1949, which was a semi-pro team until 1996 when it was promoted to the Primera B, which turned the cabaret master. Two years former it was promoted to the top league of colombian professional football, the Primera A. In June 2006, the baseball club was crowned champion of the league for the first time in its history, sending the city ‘s residents into celebrations. [ 11 ] Pasto is home to many outstanding athletes, which include the rush walker Luis Fernando López ( medalist in the 2011 World Athletics Championships ), and football player Carlos Daniel Hidalgo ( top scorer of the 2003 FIFA U-17 World Cup ). In Pasto, as in other towns of Nariño and in some regions of Ecuador, a traditional mutant, very old and alone in early regions of Colombia, called Chaza is practiced. Chaza is a ball game, like to tennis or jai alai, characterized by the habit of heavy wood and leather shoe called drums and played in teams on a orthogonal court .
Sport areas [edit ]
- Estadio Departamental Libertad, main stadium in the city, capacity for 20,000
- Sergio Antonio Ruano arena
- Arena in the Southeast Neighborhoods, (used primarily for indoor soccer, basketball and volleyball)
- Recreational Sports Complex Obonuco, which has a skating rink, cycling track, and BMX area
References [edit ]
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