Marinelli Bells – Pontifical Bell Foundry ( italian : Campane Marinelli – Pontificia Fonderia di Campane ) is a bell foundry in Agnone, Italy. Founded no late than 1339, the foundry is one of the oldest syndicate businesses in Italy. [ 1 ] In addition to bells, it produces bronze portals, bas-reliefs, church artifacts, and bell restorations .
Marinelli family [edit ]
The Marinelli syndicate first started the bell foundry c. 1339 in the Apennine hills of Italy, in the Kingdom of Naples. The greenwich village of Agnone, a minor italian town of 5,200 inhabitants in the state of Isernia in Molise, is where the foundry is now located. The foundry “ has a tradition of foundries that dates back 10 centuries. ” In 1924, the foundry was awarded “ the championship of episcopal foundry ” by the Vatican. The Roman Catholic Church now accounts for 90 percentage of all orders placed for the party. [ 2 ] The ship’s company is co-owned and operated by brothers Armando and Pasquale Marinelli. [ 2 ] The foundry typically produces up to 50 bells a class and presently employs around 12 people. [ 3 ]
noteworthy bells [edit ]
The Marinelli Bell Foundry museum
The foundry produced the latest bell to be hung within the bell tower of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The chime is a 600-kilogram ( 1,300 pound ) replica of the 17th-century bell damaged in 1944 during the bombings on Italy during World War II. [ 4 ] The newest addition started service on Easter 2004, replacing the missing bell for the first time in 60 years. [ 3 ]
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In 1923, the foundry made a set of bells for the Mariano Sanctuary in Pompeii. The bell of Monte Cassino was cast for the church of San Benedetto in 1950, which was destroyed during the Battle of Monte Cassino. In 1961, The foundry cast a limited bell to commemorate the “ hundredth anniversary of Italy ‘s establish as a unify country. ” In 1992, one of their bells commemorated the five-hundredth anniversary of Christopher Columbus ‘s discovery of the Americas. Pope John Paul II was presented the official Jubilee Bell in 2000 that is hung in St. Peter ‘s Square. [ 3 ] The bells of Pontificia Fonderia Marinelli can besides be found in New York City ( United Nations Building ), Rome ( United Nations FAO ), [ 5 ] Beijing, Jerusalem, South America, and South Korea. [ 1 ]
craft [edit ]
The fast ‘s managers hush apply the lapp lost wax cast technique that the firm ‘s founders used about a thousand years ago. The artisans use wax to transfer the bell ‘s designs onto a brick “ core ” slathered with clay, slenderly smaller than the bell to be cast. Another layer of cadaver is applied to form a “ delusive chime ”. After this hardens, the wax inwardly is melted, leaving the imprint of the design on the at heart of the false bell. Molten bronze, at a temperature of around 1,200 °C ( 2,190 °F ), is poured into the space to form the bell. [ 3 ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
Sources [edit ]
- Marinelli, Gioconda (1980). Arte e Fuoco: Campane di Agnone (in Italian). Enne. ISBN 8872130859. OCLC 638268870.