Investigative psychology – Wikipedia

In put on psychology, investigative psychology attempts to describe the actions of offenders and develop an understand of crime. [ 1 ] This understand can then help solve crimes and lend to prosecution and defense procedures. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] It brings together issues in the retrieval of fact-finding information, the draw of inferences about that information and the ways in which police decision do can be supported through assorted systems derived from scientific research. It should not be confused with profiling which grew out of the know of police officers offering opinions to their colleagues about the possible characteristics of unknown offenders .

overview [edit ]

fact-finding Psychology grows directly out of empiric research and coherent inference to cover the full crop of fact-finding activities not alone the readiness of ‘profiles ‘. The inference processes at the heart of Investigative Psychology contrast with the access used in the Federal Bureau of Investigation which emphasises subjective processes such as “ thinking like the condemnable “. This battlefield provides a system for the integration of many aspects of psychology into all areas of police investigations and forms of crime. [ 4 ] Investigative Psychology stresses that the results of scientific psychology can contribute to many aspects of civilian and criminal investigation, including the entire compass of crimes from burglary to terrorism, not just those extreme crimes of violence that have an obvious psychopathic component. The contribution to investigations draws on the extent to which an wrongdoer displays diverse tested characteristics. [ 5 ] vitamin a well as procedures for enhancing the processes by which interviews are carried out or information is put before the courts. One drive of fact-finding psychology research is determining behaviourally crucial and empirically supported information regarding the consistency and variability of the demeanor of many different types of offenders, although to go steady most studies have been of violent crimes there is a growing body of research on burglary and arson. It is besides important to establish valid and dependable methods of distinguishing between offenders and between offences. [ 5 ] already the function of statistical analysis techniques such as Multi dimensional scale in wrongdoer profile has provided hold for a theoretical distinction between homicide offenders as either implemental ( 43 % of offenders ) or expressive ( 31 % of offenders ) in their use of aggression. The most holocene advances have seen the development of a Narrative Action System Model for differentiating criminals ‘ styles of offending, allowing empirically-based ‘modus operandi ‘ to be identified within a broad scope of umbrage types from sexual assail and serial murder to stalk, burglary and robbery. [ 6 ] This method acting of analysis has besides expanded upon the original theoretical distinction by identifying sub-themes of aggressive action which can be used to far discriminate amongst offenders ( Santilla, Hakkanen, Canter & Elfgren, 2003 ). These behavioral themes have besides been linked to background characteristics and post-offence behavior, demonstrating their utility to the investigation of consecutive murder cases. [ 7 ] The development and application of these techniques to serial offenders is likely to facilitate an increase in the cogency of wrongdoer profile of serial murderers. [ 6 ]

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References [edit ]

  1. ^ Canter, D. ( 2000 ) Offender Profiling and psychological Differentiation. Journal of Criminal and Legal Psychology, Volume 5, pp. 23-46 .
  2. ^ Canter, D. and Youngs ( 2009 ) Investigative psychology : wrongdoer Profiling and the Analysis of Criminal Action. Chichester : Wiley
  3. ^ Canter, D. and Youngs, D. ( 2009 ) Investigative psychology : wrongdoer Profiling and the Analysis of Criminal Action. Chichester : Wiley
  4. ^ Canter, D. and Youngs ( 2009 ) Investigative psychology : wrongdoer Profiling and the Analysis of Criminal Action. Chichester : Wiley
  5. a b Canter, D. ( 2004 ). Offender Profiling and Investigative Psychology. ‘Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, volume 1 , pp. 1-15.
  6. a b Alison, L., & Canter, D. ( 1999 ). Profiling in Policy and Practice. In Canter, D. & Alison, L. ( 1999 ). Profiling in Policy and Practice. Aldershot, UK : Dartmouth, pp. 3-22 .
  7. ^Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Volume 44, pp. 107-118. Santilla, P., Hakkanen, H., Canter, D., & Elfgren, T. ( 2003 ). Classifying Homicide Offenders and Predicting their Characteristics from Crime Scene Behaviors., pp. 107-118 .
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