Google Assistant – Wikipedia

AI-powered digital assistant developed by Google

Google Assistant is an artificial intelligence –powered [ 1 ] virtual adjunct developed by Google that is primarily available on mobile and smart home devices. Unlike the company ‘s previous virtual assistant, Google now, the Google Assistant can engage in bipartisan conversations. Assistant initially debuted in May 2016 as part of Google ‘s messaging app Allo, and its voice-activated loudspeaker Google Home. After a period of exclusivity on the Pixel and Pixel XL smartphones, it began to be deployed on early Android devices in February 2017, including third-party smartphones and Android Wear ( nowadays Wear OS ), and was released as a standalone app on the io operating system in May 2017. Alongside the announcement of a software development kit out in April 2017, the Assistant has been further extended to support a large variety show of devices, including cars and third-party smart home appliances. The functionality of the Assistant can besides be enhanced by third-party developers.

Users chiefly interact with the Google Assistant through natural voice, though keyboard input is besides supported. The Assistant is able to answer questions, schedule events and alarms, adjust hardware settings on the exploiter ‘s device, show information from the user ‘s Google account, fun games, and more. Google has besides announced that the Assistant will be able to identify objects and gather ocular data through the device ‘s television camera, and accompaniment buy products and sending money. At CES 2018, the beginning Assistant-powered smart displays ( chic speakers with video screens ) were announced, with the inaugural one being released in July 2018. [ 2 ] In 2020, Google Assistant is already available on more than 1 billion devices. [ 3 ] Google Assistant is available in more than 90 countries and in over 30 languages, [ 4 ] and is used by more than 500 million users monthly. [ 5 ]

history [edit ]

Google Assistant was unveiled during Google ‘s developer conference on May 18, 2016, as separate of the unveil of the Google Home bright loudspeaker and new messaging app Allo ; Google CEO Sundar Pichai explained that the Assistant was designed to be a colloquial and bipartisan experience, and “ an ambient experience that extends across devices ”. [ 6 ] Later that month, Google assigned Google Doodle drawing card Ryan Germick and hired former Pixar animator Emma Coats to develop “ a little more of a personality ”. [ 7 ]

platform expansion [edit ]

For system-level consolidation outside of the Allo app and Google Home, the Google Assistant was initially exclusive to the Pixel and Pixel XL smartphones. [ 8 ] In February 2017, Google announced that it had begun to enable access to the Assistant on Android smartphones running Android Marshmallow or Nougat, beginning in choice english-speaking markets. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] Android tablets did not receive the Assistant as region of this rollout. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] The Assistant is besides integrated in Android Wear 2.0, [ 13 ] and will be included in future versions of Android TV [ 14 ] [ 15 ] and Android Auto. [ 16 ] In October 2017, the Google Pixelbook became the first laptop to include Google Assistant. [ 17 ] Google Assistant late came to the Google Pixel Buds. [ 18 ] In December 2017, Google announced that the Assistant would be released for phones running Android Lollipop through an update to Google Play Services, arsenic well as tablets running 6.0 Marshmallow and 7.0 Nougat. [ 19 ] In February 2019, Google reportedly began testing ads in Google Assistant results. [ 20 ] On May 15, 2017, Android Police reported that the Google Assistant would be coming to the io operating system as a separate app. [ 21 ] The data was confirmed two days later at Google ‘s developer conference. [ 22 ] [ 23 ]

Smart displays [edit ]

In January 2018 at the Consumer Electronics Show, the first Assistant-powered “ chic displays ” were released. [ 24 ] Smart displays were shown at the event from Lenovo, Sony, JBL and LG. [ 25 ] These devices have support for Google Duo video calls, YouTube video, Google Maps directions, a Google Calendar agenda, viewing of smart camera footage, in summation to services which work with Google Home devices. [ 2 ] These devices are based on Android Things and Google-developed software. Google unveiled its own smart display, Google Home Hub in October 2018, and later Nest Hub Max, which utilizes a different organization platform. [ 26 ]

Developer subscribe [edit ]

In December 2016, Google launched “ Actions on Google “, a developer platform for the Google Assistant. Actions on Google allows 3rd party developers to build apps for Google Assistant. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] In March 2017, Google added new tools for developing on Actions on Google to support the initiation of games for Google Assistant. [ 29 ] primitively limited to the Google Home smart loudspeaker, Actions on Google was made available to Android and io devices in May 2017, [ 30 ] [ 31 ] at which time Google besides introduced an app directory for overview of compatible products and services. [ 32 ] To incentivize developers to build Actions, Google announced a rival, in which first seat won tickets to Google ‘s 2018 developer conference, $ 10,000, and a walk-through of Google ‘s campus, while second place and third base place received $ 7,500 and $ 5,000, respectively, and a Google Home. [ 33 ] In April 2017, a software development kit ( SDK ) was released, allowing third-party developers to build their own hardware that can run the Google Assistant. [ 34 ] [ 35 ] It has been integrated into Raspberry Pi, [ 36 ] [ 37 ] cars from Audi and Volvo, [ 38 ] [ 39 ] and smart home plate appliances, including fridges, washers, and ovens, from companies including iRobot, LG, General Electric, and D-Link. [ 40 ] [ 41 ] [ 42 ] Google updated the SDK in December 2017 to add several features that alone the Google Home smart speakers and Google Assistant smartphone apps had previously supported. The features include :

  • letting third-party device makers incorporate their own “Actions on Google” commands for their respective products
  • incorporating text-based interactions and more languages
  • allowing users to set a precise geographic location for the device to enable improved location-specific queries.[43][44]

On May 2, 2018, Google announced a new program on their web log that focuses on investing in the future of the Google Assistant through early-stage startups. Their focus was to build an environment where developers could build richer experiences for their users. This includes startups that broaden Assistant ‘s features, are building fresh hardware devices, or simply differentiating in different industries. [ 45 ]

Voices [edit ]

Google Assistant launched using the voice of Kiki Baessell for the american female voice, the same actress for the Google Voice voice mail organization since 2010. [ 46 ] From 2016 until present day, the Assistant ‘s nonpayment voice is portrayed by Antonia Flynn. [ 47 ] On October 11, 2019, Google announced that Issa Rae had been added to Google Assistant as an optional voice, which could be enabled by the exploiter by saying “ Okay, Google, talk like Issa ”. [ 48 ]

interaction [edit ]

Google Assistant, in the nature and manner of Google now, can search the Internet, schedule events and alarms, adjust hardware settings on the exploiter ‘s device, and show data from the exploiter ‘s Google score. Unlike Google now, however, the Assistant can engage in a bipartite conversation, using Google ‘s natural speech process algorithm. search results are presented in a tease format that users can tap to open the page. [ 49 ] In February 2017, Google announced that users of Google Home would be able to shop wholly by voice for products through its Google Express shopping serve, with products available from whole Foods Market, Costco, Walgreens, PetSmart, and Bed Bath & Beyond at launch, [ 50 ] [ 51 ] and other retailers added in the follow months as new partnerships were formed. [ 52 ] [ 53 ] Google Assistant can maintain a patronize tilt ; this was previously done within the notetaking service Google Keep, but the have was moved to Google Express and the Google Home app in April 2017, resulting in a severe loss of functionality. [ 54 ] [ 55 ] In May 2017, Google announced that the Assistant would support a keyboard for type input signal and ocular responses, [ 56 ] [ 57 ] hold identifying objects and gather ocular data through the device ‘s television camera, [ 58 ] [ 59 ] and back buy products [ 60 ] [ 61 ] and sending money. [ 62 ] [ 63 ] Through the habit of the keyboard, users can see a history of queries made to the Google Assistant, and edit or erase former inputs. The Assistant warns against deleting, however, due to its use of former inputs to generate better answers in the future. [ 64 ] In November 2017, it became possible to identify songs presently playing by asking the Assistant. [ 65 ] [ 66 ] The Google Assistant allows users to activate and modify vocal music shortcut commands in ordain to perform actions on their device ( both Android and iPad/iPhone ) or configuring it as a hub for family automation. This feature of the speech recognition is available in English, among other languages. [ 67 ] [ 68 ] In July 2018, the Google Home adaptation of Assistant gained patronize for multiple actions triggered by a unmarried song shortcut command. [ 69 ] At the annual I/O developers conference on May 8, 2018, Google ‘s SEO announced the addition of six newly part options for the Google Assistant, one of which being John Legend ‘s. [ 70 ] This was made possible by WaveNet, a voice synthesizer developed by DeepMind, which importantly reduced the come of audio samples that a voice actor was required to produce for creating a voice mannequin. [ 71 ] however, John Legend ‘s Google Assistant cameo voice was discontinued on March 23, 2020. [ 72 ] [ 73 ]

In August 2018, Google added bilingual capabilities to the Google Assistant for existing supported languages on devices. recent reports say that it may support multilingual support by setting a third base default option terminology on Android Phone. [ 74 ] As a default option choice, the Google Assistant does n’t support two park features of the speech recognition on the transcribe text, like punctuation and spell. however, a Beta feature of Speech-to-text enables only English ( United States ) language users to ask “to detect and insert punctuation in transcription results”. Speech-to-Text can recognize commas, interrogate marks, and periods in arrangement requests. [ 75 ] In April 2019, the most popular audio games in the Assistant, Crystal Ball and Lucky Trivia, have had the biggest part changes in the application ‘s history. The voice in the adjunct has been able to add expression to the games. For example, in the Crystal Ball crippled, the voice would speak slow and soft during the intro and before the answer is revealed to make the game more excitable and in the Lucky Trivia game, the voice would become excitable like a game show horde. In the british accent voice of Crystal Ball, the spokesperson would say the bible ‘probably ‘ in a downwards slide like she ‘s not besides sure. The games used the text to speech voice which makes the spokesperson more robotic. In May 2019 however, it turned out to be a bug in the manner of speaking API that caused the games to lose the studio-quality voices. These audio games were fixed in May 2019. On December 12, 2019, Google rolled out its interpreter mode for io and Android Google Assistant smartphone apps. Interpreter mode allows Google Assistant to translate conversations in very time and was previously only available on Google Home smart speakers and displays. [ 76 ] Google Assistant won the 2020 Webby Award for Best User Experience in the category Apps, Mobile & Voice. [ 77 ] On March 5, 2020, Google rolled out its article-reading feature on Google Assistant that read webpages aloud in 42 different languages. [ 78 ] [ 79 ] On October 15, 2020, Google announced a new ‘ hum to search ‘ function to allow users to find a song by plainly humming, whistling or singing the song. According to Google, when a user hums a melody to search, the car teach models will automatically convert the audio into a number-based succession, which represents the song ‘s tune. [ 80 ]

Google Duplex [edit ]

This department is about Duplex for Google Assistant. For the number, see googolplex In May 2018, Google revealed Duplex, an extension of the Google Assistant that allows it to carry out natural conversations by mimicking human voice, in a manner not dissimilar to robocalling. [ 81 ] The assistant can autonomously complete tasks such as calling a haircloth salon to record an appointment, scheduling a restaurant reservation, or calling businesses to verify vacation store hours. [ 82 ] While Duplex can complete most of its tasks in full autonomously, it is able to recognize situations that it is unable to complete and can signal a human operator to finish the job. Duplex was created to speak in a more natural articulation and terminology by incorporating speech disfluencies such as filler words like “ hmm ” and “ uh ” and using coarse phrases such as “ mhm ” and “ gotcha ”, along with more human-like intonation and answer reaction time. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] [ 85 ] Duplex is presently in development and had a circumscribed dismissal in recently 2018 for Google Pixel users. [ 86 ] During the restrict release, Pixel earphone users in Atlanta, New York, Phoenix, and San Francisco were only able to use Duplex to make restaurant reservations. [ 87 ] As of October 2020, Google has expanded Duplex to businesses in eight countries. [ 88 ] [ 89 ]

criticism [edit ]

After the announcement, concerns were made over the ethical and social questions that artificial intelligence engineering such as Duplex raises. [ 90 ] For example, human operators may not notice that they are speaking with a digital automaton when conversing with Duplex, [ 91 ] which some critics view as unethical or deceitful. [ 92 ] Concerns over privacy were besides identified, as conversations with Duplex are recorded in order for the virtual adjunct to analyze and respond. [ 93 ] Privacy advocates have besides raised concerns of how the millions of vocal samples gathered from consumers are fed second into the algorithm of virtual assistants, making these forms of AI chic with each consumption. Though these features individualize the drug user have, critics are uncertain about the long term implications of giving “ the ship’s company unprecedented access to human patterns and preferences that are all-important to the next phase of artificial news ”. [ 94 ] While transparency was referred to as a key partially to the experience when the technology was revealed, [ 95 ] Google late far clarified in a affirmation saying, “ We are designing this feature with disclosure built-in, and we ‘ll make sure the organization is appropriately identified. ” [ 96 ] [ 92 ] Google foster added that, in certain jurisdictions, the adjunct would inform those on the early end of the earphone that the call is being recorded. [ 97 ]

reception [edit ]

PC World ‘s Mark Hachman gave a friendly recapitulation of the Google Assistant, saying that it was a “ step up on Cortana and Siri. ” [ 98 ] Digital Trends called it “ smarter than Google now ever was ”. [ 99 ]

criticism [edit ]

In July 2019 Belgian public broadcaster VRT NWS published an article revealing that third-party contractors paid to transcribe sound recording clips collected by Google Assistant listened to sensitive information about users. medium data collected from Google Home devices and Android phones included names, addresses, and other private conversations after false hotword triggering, such as business calls or bedroom conversations. [ 100 ] From more than 1000 recordings analyzed, 153 were recorded without ‘Okay Google ‘ command. Google formally acknowledged that 0.2 % of recordings are being listened to by lyric experts to improve Google ‘s services. [ 101 ] On August 1, 2019, Germany ‘s Hamburg Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information has initiated an administrative routine to prohibit Google from carrying out corresponding evaluations by employees or third parties for the period of three months to provisionally protect the rights of privacy of data subjects for the time being, citing GDPR. [ 102 ] A Google spokesperson stated that Google paused “ language reviews ” in all european countries while it investigated holocene media leaks. [ 103 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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