Guadalajara | Description, History, & Facts

Guadalajara, city, capital of Jalisco estado ( express ), west-central Mexico. It lies approximately in the center of the state, in the Atemajac Valley near the Río Grande de Santiago, at an elevation of about 5,100 feet ( 1,550 metres ). Its climate is dry and mild except for the showery season, which extends from July to mid-September. Pop. ( 2010 ) 1,495,182 ; metro. sphere, 4,434,878 ; ( 2020 ) 1,385,621 ; metro. area, 5,268,642 .cathedral in Guadalajara, Mexicocathedral in Guadalajara, Mexico The cathedral in Guadalajara, Mexico.

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History

From its establish by the spanish in 1531 until the 1540s, the city was relocated several times because of resistor from Indians, thousands of whom were captured by Guadalajara-based slave hunters during the early colonial menstruation. The city was made the seat of a diocese in 1549. It remained big throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, and in 1810 it was occupied concisely by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, who initiated the independence drift and decreed the abolition of bondage in Mexico. Guadalajara has produced several Mexican political and cultural leaders, including the 19th-century Liberal politician Valentín Gómez Farías ; Mariano Azuela, a outstanding novelist of the mexican Revolution ( 1910–20 ) ; and the political drawing card and writer Agustín Yáñez. Guadalajara experienced significant growth after the 1930s, and by the 1970s it was Mexico ’ s second largest city. Modern residential suburbs, linked by highways and wide-eyed boulevards, have attracted members of the upper and middle classes from the older parts of the city. meanwhile, other neighbourhoods have persisted as impoverish suburbs or inner-city districts.

The contemporary city

The cathedral, completed in 1618, is amply decorated. many early churches dating from the colonial period are interspersed with advanced industrial and commercial buildings. cultural institutions of note include the Degollado Theatre, which is one of the largest and most ornate in Latin America ; the State Museum of Jalisco ( 1918 ) ; and the Cabañas Hospice, a early 19th-century orphanage ( immediately a museum ) that was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. Guadalajara was the home of the painter José Clemente Orozco ( 1883–1949 ), and diverse buildings around the city, including the Cabañas Hospice, house many of his finest frescoes. The governor ’ s palace, begun in 1743, is one of the finest examples of spanish architecture in Mexico. Guadalajara ’ south economy is traditionally based on its services as a political capital and as a commercial entrepôt for the surrounding agrarian region, which is devoted chiefly to corn ( gamboge ), beans, and livestock. Since 1940 the city has besides been a major manufacturer of textiles, electronics, chemicals, building materials, tobacco products, soft drinks, and other products. Handicrafts are besides authoritative. The city is home to the University of Guadalajara ( 1925 ), one of the largest institutions of higher education in Mexico, and the Autonomous University of Guadalajara ( 1935 ). The military schools of air travel ( 1915 ), air impel specialists ( 1934 ), supply and alimony ( 1942 ), and signals ( 1920 ) are in suburban Zapopan. Guadalajara is served by an external airport. It is linked by railroad and highway with several cities, including the chief western routes between Mexico City to the east-southeast and the southwest United States border ( at Nogales, Arizona ) to the northwest. Lake Chapala, some 30 miles ( 50 kilometer ) south of the city, is Mexico ’ s most across-the-board lake, but it has been shrinking as its beginning waters have been increasingly diverted.

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This article was most recently revised and updated by World Data Editors

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