Pododermatitis in Guinea Pigs
Pododermatitis is a condition in which a guinea fowl farrow ’ sulfur footpad becomes inflamed, develops sores, or becomes overgrow. The appearance may be similar to callouses, or little tumors on the bottom of the foot. This condition is normally referred to as bumblefoot .
When bumblefoot is left untreated or is give in a very severe form, there are sometimes complications in treatment and the septic leg may have to be amputated .
Symptoms and Types
The infect guinea pig ’ s footpads may become inflame ( inflammation ), develop sores, or become overgrow over the course of many months. other signs and symptoms include :
- Loss of hair on affected foot
- Reluctance to move or inability to walk normally
- Loss of appetite due to pain
- Joint or tendon swelling
- Amyloid deposition (protein deposits) in the kidneys, liver, hormonal glands, and pancreas
The Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is the most frequent campaign, entering the wop slob ‘s feet through bantam cuts or scrapes in the foot. Underlying factors include :
- Excessive pressure on the feet
- Nutritional imbalance, especially lack of sufficient vitamin C
- Overgrown nails
- Wire floor caging
- Poor sanitation
- Humid environments
You will need to give a exhaustive history of your guinea fowl slob ‘s health, diet, onset of symptoms, and living conditions ( whether in a wire or smooth floored cage, humid or dry environment, and so forth ). Your veterinarian can then diagnose pododermatitis by examining your guinea pig visually and by taking rake and fluid samples for a bacterial culture. While Staphylococcus aureus is the most normally diagnosed bacterial infection in bumblefoot, the demand bacteria will need to be confirmed so that the appropriate antibiotic is prescribed to treat the infection.
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If pododermatitis is detected early, simply switching your guinea fowl hog ’ s living quarters to one with a smooth deck, improving the sanitation, and changing the bedclothes to softer substantial may improve your pet ‘s condition. It is besides important to keep the cage floor dry, since a damp floor will soften the foot tissue, making it more prone to cracking and thereby making it more prone to opportunist infection. Your veterinarian may besides instruct you to increase the sum of vitamin C in the guinea fowl hog ‘s diet, if it is found to be lacking.
If the condition needs medical treatment beyond simple environmental changes, your veterinarian will provide this. Your veterinarian will clean the wounds, clip the hair around the infect areas, and trim any overgrown nails and dead tissue on the feet. Soaking the feet in antibiotic solutions may besides prove to be utilitarian. In severe cases, guinea fowl pigs may need oral antibiotics and trouble medications. You may besides need to keep the feet bandaged, with fresh dressings and topical antibiotics applied regularly to encourage heal. Prolonged, untreated cases where pododermatitis has worsened to severe infection that is not responding to immediate discussion may require amputation of the septic leg .
Living and Management
guarantee that your guinea hog ‘s exist quarters are cleaned and disinfected before returning it to the cage. If you have been using a cage with a wire floor, you will need to replace the flooring with a legato bottom, with easy places for your guinea devour to rest. Clean up any urine spills immediately so that your guinea fowl slob ‘s feet remain dry, as wet feet are more prone to cracking. While your guinea slob is recovering, move it to a quiet place in the family, away from high activity. If necessary, you may need to restrain your pet from moving round besides much, so that the foot will have a better casual of healing. Follow your veterinarian ‘s instructions for dressing and applying topical medications to the moved feet .
Providing cages with smooth bottoms for your wop pigs, keeping the floors clean and dry, and treating any injuries immediately can help prevent pododermatitis from occurring. Because this is a relatively common ailment, wop bull owners are advised to check their pets ‘ feet day by day, including the length of the nails, and watching the guinea bull ‘s weight and making dietary changes as needed .