Overview of Profession
clinical and guidance psychologists are professionals who are dedicated to promoting the mental health of their clients. clinical and counseling psychologists work in a variety of environments including individual and group practices, mental health agencies, healthcare systems ( for example, Veterans Administration ), and colleges and universities. The doctoral degree in psychology is the highest degree in the field and typically requires 4 or more years of coursework beyond the bachelor ’ s degree and one year in a pre-doctoral internship. In order to become accredited as a psychologist, most states besides require that individuals perform one year of oversee post-doctoral practice. traditionally, doctoral degrees in clinical psychology differed from those in counseling psychology by their focus on treating individuals with more austere genial illnesses ; whereas, counseling psychology placed a greater emphasis on treating individuals with relational, vocational, and personal problems. however, over the past two decades, these distinctions have faded and most states now offer a curious license to individuals trained as either clinical or counseling psychologists. Another choice for those concerned in becoming practicing psychologists is whether to pursue the Ph.D. ( Doctor of Philosophy ) or a Psy.D. ( Doctor of Psychology ) degree. Although both degrees prepare students to become mental health practitioners, programs that offer the Ph.D. rate more of an vehemence on prepare researchers ; whereas, Psy.D. programs are more concentrate on training practitioners. Whether pursuing a degree in rede or clinical psychology or a Psy.D. versus a Ph.D., the prepare of psychologists is not entirely about learning specific research and discussion techniques, but besides connected with developing the interpersonal skills that will allow individuals to work effectively with a broad compass of people. Developing empathy, acceptance, and an agreement of oneself, among early attributes, will be an significant separate of the train to become a psychologist. extra information about the profession of clinical or counseling psychology may be found at the American Psychological Association Website : hypertext transfer protocol : //www.apa.org/education/index.aspx .
Admission into a Ph.D. or Psy.D. program requires at least a knight bachelor ’ sulfur degree, with some programs requiring a overlord ’ s degree. Although doctoral programs in clinical or counseling psychology will accept students with a variety show of undergraduate majors, most successful applicants will have majored in psychology and virtually all programs will require students to have had at least 18 hours in psychology with prerequisite courses in introductory psychology, statistics, research methods, and abnormal psychology. Some schools require courses in personality theories, developmental psychology, counseling techniques, and testing and measurement. Prerequisites vary among schools so students concerned in particular universities should check those programs ’ websites for their requirements. A minimum GPA of 3.0 is required for entree into a Ph.D. or Psy.D. program, though many schools require a minimum GPA equally high as 3.5. The average GPA of accept applicants is typically 3.5 or higher. additionally, most programs require a degree of C or higher in the prerequisite classes to be considered for entree. Please refer to Appendix F for a propose timeline for applicants .
In summation to course prerequisites, research have is important, if not critical, to gaining acceptance into a doctoral program. Therefore, students should seek out professors with whom they can collaborate on inquiry projects early in their undergraduate preparation.
There are several steps involved in applying to doctoral programs in clinical or counseling psychology. To apply to these programs, it is necessary to complete an individual application for each graduate educate. Virtually all doctoral programs will require that applicants take the Graduate Record Exam ( GRE ) and submit the scores as a part of their application. The GRE is composed of questions assessing verbal and quantitative argue american samoa well as analytic compose. Verbal Reasoning is assessed in two, thirty hour sections consisting of approximately 20 questions. There are besides two sections of quantitative Reasoning with 20 questions with each section lasting approximately 35 minutes. The analytic Writing part consists of two 30-minute essays. Cut-off scores for entree vary among doctoral though about all programs will require scores at or above the 75th percentile, with many programs only accepting applicants with scores at or above the 90th percentile. Some alumnus schools besides may require the GRE Psychology Test to be taken american samoa well. The GRE Psychology Test contains 205 questions assessing cognition of natural/experimental psychology, social/abnormal psychology, and general psychology. There are a phone number of print and on-line guides available for preparing to take the GRE and the GRE Subject Test in Psychology. additionally, there are in-person courses offered from time-to-time at area colleges/universities. Those matter to in learning more about the lotion process can check out Getting In : A bit-by-bit plan for Gaining Admission to Graduate School in Psychology from the EHC library.
Another significant component of applying to a Ph.D./Psy.D. program is the personal statement. Ranging from a minimum of 500-1000 words in some programs, to a maximal of 5 pages in others, the personal argument details your reasons for applying to a Ph.D./Psy.D. plan and summarizes your readiness for graduate school. Because of the hard-and-fast word restrict imposed by many programs, it is important to be clear and compendious. The personal test is a identical important depart of the application and should be cautiously reviewed by your major adviser or pre-health committee member .
Letters of Recommendation
Applicant ’ sulfur will need to request letters of recommendation from at least three of their professors. It is the student ’ s responsibility to ask for these letters directly from professors who have taught them and have a good understand of their work ethic. It is proper etiquette to write a thank you note to the professors that write your letters of recommendation .