Chinese Academy of Sciences – Wikipedia

chinese inquiry establish
This article is about the institution in the chinese mainland. For the initiation in Taiwan ( Republic of China ), see Academia Sinica
The Chinese Academy of Sciences ( CAS ; taiwanese : 中国科学院 ) is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People ‘s Republic of China. It has historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republican era and was once besides known by that mention. jointly known as the “ Two Academies ( 两院 ) ” along with the chinese Academy of Engineering, it functions as the national scientific think tank and academic govern consistency, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the home economy, social development, and science and technology advance. It is headquartered in Xicheng District, Beijing, [ 3 ] with branch institutes all over mainland China. It has besides created hundreds of commercial enterprises, Lenovo being one of the most celebrated.

It is the world ‘s largest research organization, comprising around 60,000 researchers working in 114 institutes, [ 4 ] [ 5 ] and has been systematically ranked among the top research organizations around the global. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 4 ] It besides holds the University of Science and Technology of China and the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. [ 8 ] The taiwanese Academy of Sciences has been ranked the No. 1 research institute in the worldly concern by Nature Index since the list ‘s origin in 2016 by Nature Portfolio. [ 9 ] It is the most generative institution publish articles of sustainable development index in Web of Science from 1981 to 2018 among all universities and inquiry institutions in the worldly concern. [ 10 ]

constitution [edit ]

taiwanese Academy of Sciences headquarters The chinese Academy originated in the Academia Sinica founded, in 1928, by the Republic of China. After the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949, the residual of Academia Sinica was renamed Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), while others relocated to Taiwan. The chinese Academy of Sciences has six academician divisions :
The CAS has thirteen regional branches, in Beijing, Shenyang, Changchun, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi’an, Lanzhou, Hefei and Xinjiang. It has over one hundred institutes and four universities ( the University of Science and Technology of China at Hefei, Anhui, the University of the chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, ShanghaiTech University, and Shenzhen Institute of Adavanced Technology ). Backed by the institutes of CAS, UCAS is headquartered in Beijing, with graduate education bases in Shanghai, Chengdu, Wuhan, Guangzhou and Lanzhou, four Science Libraries of Chinese Academy of Sciences, three engineering support centers and two news and publishing units. These CAS branches and offices are located in 20 provinces and municipalities throughout China. CAS has invested in or created over 430 science- and technology-based enterprises in football team industries, including eight companies listed on stock exchanges. Being granted a Fellowship of the Academy represents the highest level of national respect for chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes Academicians ( 院士 ), Emeritus Academicians ( 荣誉院士 ) and Foreign Academicians ( 外籍院士 ) .

  • Current President: Bai Chunli

Research reputation and rankings [edit ]

The taiwanese Academy of Sciences was ranked # 1 in the 2016, [ 11 ] [ 4 ] 2017, [ 12 ] 2018, [ 13 ] 2019, [ 14 ] and 2020 Nature Index Annual Tables, which measure the largest contributors to papers published in 82 run journals. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]

list of presidents [edit ]

Academy members [edit ]

membership of the chinese Academy of Sciences ( besides known by the style Academician ( CAS ), taiwanese : 中国科学院院士 ) is a lifelong honor given to taiwanese scientists who have made significant achievements in respective fields. According to Bylaws for Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences adopted in 1992 and recently amended in 2014, it is the highest academic style in China. A dinner dress CAS member must hold chinese citizenship, although foreigners can be elected as extraneous CAS members. Members older than 80 are designated as “ aged members ” and may no longer hold leading positions in the organization. [ 17 ] Academicians of the chinese Academy of Sciences carry an debt instrument to advance skill and engineering, to advocate and uphold scientific liveliness, to develop a scientific and technological work force, to attend member meetings and receive consultation and evaluation tasks, and to promote international exchanges and cooperation. Academicians can give suggestions and influence chinese state policy related to skill and technology. [ 18 ]

inquiry institutes [edit ]

Main capture to Ningbo Institute of Industrial Technology, CAS, in Ningbo, Zhejiang Institute of Computing Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing

Scientific integrity [edit ]

On 26 February 2007, CAS published a Declaration of Scientific Ideology and set up a mission for scientific integrity to promote transparency, autonomy and accountability of scientific research in the country. The Ministry of Science and Technology had at the same time besides initiated measures to address misbehave in state-funded programs. [ 21 ]

Publications [edit ]

Language English
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4 Sci. China

together with the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the academy publishes the peer-reviewed academic daybook, Science China ( besides known as Science in China ). Science China comprises seven series : [ 22 ]

  • A: Mathematics
  • B: Chemistry
  • C: Life Sciences
  • D: Earth Sciences
  • E: Technological Sciences
  • F: Information Sciences
  • G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy

CAS besides promotes the China Open Access Journals ( COAJ ) platform, [ 23 ] a national variant of the external Directory of Open Access Journals ( DOAJ ) .

Awards [edit ]

Since 1999 the CAS has issued the annual State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, presented by the President of China to the recipient. [ 24 ]

International cooperation [edit ]

The Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth is a branch of CAS. The Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth was a customer of swedish Space Corporation ( SSC ), which provides data transmittance services from satellites for a broad scope of social functions. [ 25 ] It was reported by Reuters on 21 September 2020 that SSC decided not to renew the contracts with China to help operate chinese satellites from SSC ‘s earth stations, or seek new business with China. [ 26 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

Citations [edit ]

Sources [edit ]

  • Media related to Chinese Academy of Sciences at Wikimedia Commons
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